Welcome to The Water Garden Guide, water gardening is fun!

Notes: Last summer I got my whiskey barrel garden installed!

My pond liner waterfall was a little too small. You might get a kick out of how I circulated water (video below) under the ground with a recycled cat food box, even had it pumping using 100% solar power! Fill the box with biomedia and it does a great job of filtering out nitrates the natural way, via good bacteria! :)

Focusing my interest on Japanese water gardens I also added some rock garden elements to the water feature. I will be doing a few more projects soon, more to come and a few new articles below!

Velvet Ball Pompom

Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on February 18, 2010.

velvet ball, velvet head or pompom goldfishIn China this variety of gold fish is called velvet head. The Japanese version is called Pompom goldfish.

These are both Anglophone translations of the true Mandarin and Nihango terms. Most likely the pompom term (hana fusa) did not originate in Tokyo and is a loan word to the national language from another regional language along the dialect train.

The difference between a pompom velvet head and a lionhead and lionchu is that the pompom velvet ball has growth on its nose rather than its head. If fact the lionchu is a tangent in an entirely different direction. This exponent is the subject of another article entirely.

The extent of the nasal septum growth in pompom velvet head vary along different strains and generations of this engineered species.

For brevity the pompom moniker seems to resonate with most observers outside the China Japan proximity. So, for now pompom and velvet ball will be used interchangeably.

It really isn’t that note worthy to point out that the velvet ball pompom is of the fantailed fancy variety. However the focus of pompom is so great that these aspects are viewed as separate categories. And the definition of a new race of gold fish often is in the ad hoc reasoning of the observing group opinion rather than based in scientific fact.

None the less fantailed and velvet head are judged differently as subjects of different breeding standards. But it is important to remember that pompom are a man made mutation of the fantailed family.

Some pompom have growth that grown downward into what pervasive European American culture refers to affectionately as a fumanchu.

Some pompom have a dorsal fin, while others do not. When placing these fish with each other or other goldfish it is important to place the ones without a dorsal fin with other gold fish that also do not have a dorsal fin, and visa versa. This ensures the fair distribution of food within the pond or water garden.

The term hana fusa is also used for a sub variant of pompom called white pompom oranda. This leaves the English word pompom (often pronounced ‘pompon’ when used in reference to this fish), as the lingua franca language choice term for the standard of velvet ball world wide, before sub variety standards are taking under consideration.

Velvet ball records go back as far as 1898 in China. Pompon records in Europe date directly to 1936 when the fish were first displayed in fresh water aquariums as well as ponds in Europe around France and England.

Velvet ball pompom gold fish do have an interesting standard to look at. I am sure they find it peculiar looking at us outside the water, each time they swim up to eat the food bits we’ve dropped in the pond for them from on age of America into the next.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on January 21, 2010.

Wakin goldfish in water gardenWakin goldfish have a friendly temperament. They are a very hardy fish that is just now coming into vogue among enthusiasts.

Although goldfish originate from the gibel carp of China, and genetic studies have been done on miniature carp off St Croix since they are similar to the original gold variant of the gibel; the wakin have been kept and raised in Japan for 500 years.

The popularity behind these fish is that when they are regularly fed they swim up to you at feeding time.

Wakin goldfish have a similar shape as the comet variety. Even though the bodies are slender, the tail is shaped differently.

Wakins can grow very long. The biggest on record is nearly eighteen inches in length. This kind of length is only found in well kept pond dwelling wakin.

In winter if your pond gets iced over, remember to cut something of a fishing whole in the ice. This hole is for oxygenation, and gas exchange.

With simple care like that, wakin have no trouble surviving the winter.

Wakin are not hibernators. Part of the neatness of having them in winter is that if the ice is clear enough youll be able to watch then swimming about the outdoor pond or water garden all winter long.

Anubias, Crinum, Elodea and Java moss are good cold water choices for plants that will have a healthy gas exchange in the water with wakin.

The Java Moss is the best for wakin fry to hide out until they mature. For this breeding purpose java moss is really beneficial.

Only match wakin with fast swimming fish. Otherwise the wakin will starve out the slower fish.

The Ultimate Water Garden Book

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on January 21, 2010.

The Ultimate Water Garden Book is written by Juan-Claude Arnoux is a self assessed as a down to earth practical corridor to making this sort of tranquility or oasis for your home, and as a garden within your garden.

Over 500 photos show off styles of water gardening, and koi pond keeping from around the entire globe.

The basic and advance premise for each of these styles are diagrammed and plainly explained in detail.

The author takes to time to explain what the material options are, how to use them so far, what not to use them for, and where he and others feel there is room for creative license.

The Ultimate Water Garden Book goes into detail on 360 cultivars for your water garden to make this book well rounded in color, shape, texture, level, and tone.

Lastly the author explains how to keep the water clean through various ways to filtrate. This includes how natural filtration works with marginals. And what that means to an American water gardener.

All in all in this ultimate hobbyist book was created by an designer who has been water gardening since he was a child.

The Ultimate Water Garden Book; ISBN 1561581593 published by Tauton is 216 pages of great inspiration to the American water gardening art.

Cabomba Caroliniana

Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on October 30, 2009.

Cabomba Caroliniana is a also know as fanwart. It is most popularly know as Caroliniana Fanwart. However, the Cabomba is a oxygenating plant genus in the Cabombaceae family. And the species most held as representative of the genus is really not the true fanwort.

Popular misnaming has confused it with Cabomba Aquaticas nick name of Fanwart. Its true name comes from the theist support of Darwin, The Renowned Asa Gray: Cabomba Caroliniana A. (Asa) Gray is the comprehensive categorical scientific name.

The Green fanned leaves are beautiful to look at floating in the water. This adds to the appeal of the genus as a whole. The red variety (which) is a different species in the genus is the hardest to keep alive. It is far less hardy than the Green Cabomba Caroliniana (Fanwart) A. Gray species.

Knowing which sort (species or cultivar) of cabomba one is going to grow is important. Even within the boarders of the United States a cabomba that is natural to one region, has to be painstakingly removed from another. And invasive cabomba break apart easily in low water turbulence without a very controlled CO2 input.This Green Cabomba genus variety species is known for growing at a rate of one inch per day.

Focusing in on the Caroliniana (Fanwart) species/cultivar of Cabomba is in order. This is due to the fact that Cabomba Caroliniana is more popular than purple cabomba, Cabomba Aquatica (true fanwart), Cabomba Frucata Shultes (Red Cabomba) with are among other species and species cultivars that are Cabomba Carolinianas genus mates.

In order to simply for the most common terms for people who are learning more about the submerged plant this article refers to the plant in the common terms of Cabomba Caroliniana Fanwart, Cabomba Fanwart, and Caroliniana Fanwart, to keep the search terms easy for the reader to find, even though these misnomers are inaccurate yet popular.

The Cabomba Caroliniana Fanwart (A. Gray) is native to the South East of North America. It is very popular among fresh water fish tank enthusiasts, who understand that the plant needs higher levels of CO2, and very low pressure in order to not propagate by breaking into fragile parts, which clog up many tank mechanisms. These aquarists like the look, and the fact that it is beneficial to there fish.

The second largest group of hobby enthusiasts who have added much to the A. Gray species of the Cabomba genus are water gardeners. In the South West United States it is easy and safe for water gardeners to add this robust species to their water gardening project.

Caring for a species that propagates so well is the water gardeners first concern. Fish like to rest in, and snack on this species, which causes pieces to be broken off: Water CO2 levels are hard to control in larger ponds which allows the stems to be weaker and break off easier in less turbulent water: Any sort of pond equipment pressure also causes the Cabomba Coroliniana Fanwart (A. Gray) to come apart: All of these contribute to the pieces settling to other parts of the pond, or where to pond water is pumped to and colonizing the new location.

In the Pacific North West especially, and including anywhere outside the South Western United States the Caroliniana Fanwart A. (Asa) Gray species and its cultivars of the Cabomba genus are known to be highly invasive, and should not be placed in a water garden larger than a pond pot.

If they are in a pot pond, the caretaker water gardener should be very careful under all circumstances exactly how the bits of this species of Cabomba are disposed of. It is important to be sure that little bits dont get washed into the sewer, or into any other water way. Disposing of the water in a raingarden filtration system or regular dirt garden is second only to being sure the pieces make it into the trash can, or compost recycling.

A more than normal amount of the species in this Cabomba genus are named after the influential botanists of the time who are credited with discovering them: Primarily the Asa Gray, Julius Hermann Shultes, and Norman C. Fassett.

Cabomba genus prefers water temperatures ranging from 18°-32°C (64.4 º F -25.6º F).

Healthy light should be at 1.5 to 3 watts a gallon in a pot or tank.

CO2 injections make green Cabomba Caroliniana Fanwart (A. Gray) less prone to break off since it creates a sturdier spine and leaf structure.

Holding to zone 5 which is mostly Des Moines, Iowa Illinois; Columbia, Missouri; and Mansfield Pennsylvania specifically if the Green Cabomba species is going into a large pond or water garden is the responsible water gardeners limitation.

Giant Prickly Rhubarb

Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on October 21, 2009.

Giant Prickly Rhubarb or (Gunnera Manicata) isn’t even related to rhubarb in the least. And it does not cook up well with strawberries in windowsill pies.

The leaves of the Gunnera manicata Giant Prickly Rhubarb are very similar in shape and visual composition to that of the delicious true Rhubarb.This is where the similarity comes to a casual end for the colloquially as well as science savvy water gardener.

It would be great if we could eat them. Their size eventually grows so huge that you can literally hide in it. The Giant Prickly Rhubarb nick name of Gunnera Manicata reminds one of the fictional plants meant to feed the world in the storyline from 10,000 Leagues Under The Sea.That is how impressively huge these inedible plants grow to in a very short time.

The Manicata cultivar of the Gunnera species is one of the largest water garden shoreline plants. They grow best right at the edge of the water, or in bog gardens.

This does not exclude planting them successfully in rain gardens, or even less moist soil. But, in or near a water garden, or bog garden the plant genus and cultivar is pretty much maintenance free.

Many larger water gardens incorporate this cultivar and species as a matter of course.

Planting the Giant Prickly Rhubarb in direct sunlight, or slight shade both work well for the plant, the garden, and the gardener.

Planting in the shade can add color and texture often lost against the glare of the sun in some water gardens.

Planting in the sunlight provides a large amount of shade over the waters edge for water fowl, aquatic life, and other plants.

The leaves of Gunnera manicata or Giant Prickly Rhubarb as well as its distinct unfamiliar flower are what make most water gardeners, and bog gardeners have to incorporate this amazing looking plant.

The spiked stem stalks (called petiole) that support the leaves are thick hearty tubes that rise to support giant rough jagged edged heavily spined leaf heads who’s bright green covering can span up to 6 ft (2m) in diameter, and a leap year (4 yrs) in can grow up to 10 ft (3m) and spread across a 16 ft (5m) area. This is about the time that plant can no longer wait to be divided. The petiole are also home to many beneficial bacteria.

Some growers and care takers say that if the plant becomes injured wrapping the tuber in medicinal charcoal helps the plants healing process. So, far this has not been scientifically tested to be accurate. Prevention means keeping slugs and snails away; and cutting off dried leaves in the summer time.

The best time of year to divide Gunnera manicata is in the spring, or after the summer in fall. However, fall is more a time for the seeds of the plant to be harvested and cultivated for the next year.

The seed needs to be stored in a cold shelter container in a compost based from loam.

Over the winter Gunnera manicata Giant Prickly Rhubarb can handle temperatures dipping to 5º F (-15º C) if they are lightly sheltered from wind chill, and cold frost. For the most part Gunnera manicata are frost hearty and can do well down to down to 0º F (-17º C).

The seeds come from multiple exotic green five foot flower spikes that are themselves covered in spikes that are covered in orange tiny flowers. This flower seed producing spike is most easily described as being the shape of a bottle bush used in domestic dish washing. But the flower spike is much more easy on the eye than that description gives it credit for.

The Giant Prickly Rhubarb more effectively know as Gunnera Manicata and Mamutblatt (mammoth sheet) is from the Andes low lands of South America, but this nearly largest of the herbaceous plants is suited best for zones 5-10 of North America within the United States.


Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on September 22, 2009.

HornwortHornwort is the name of both a species that lives out of the water, and a genus that lives in fresh water. They are not at all related. This entry has to do with the species that lives in the water. We are particularly focusing on hornwort in the water garden.

The scientific name for aquatic hornwort is not coontail. Hortwort gets the coontail nick name though because one of the species in this genus has hair-like spins that become dense as the stem tapers upward to and end.

Hornwort grows and lives as a free floater in fresh water bodies around the world. Hornwort of coons tail variety also attaches to the ground loosely. So, in a pond this plant can be potted, fixed to the pond bottom, or left a drift.

The most noted species in the aquatic Hornwort annotation of being part of the Ceratophyllaceae family are:

  • Species Ceratophyllum demersum L. coon’s tail
  • Species Ceratophyllum echinatum A. Gray spineless hornwort
  • Species Ceratophyllum muricatum Cham. prickly hornwort
  • Subspecies Ceratophyllum muricatum Cham. ssp. australe (Griseb.) D.H. Les prickly hornwort
  • Species Ceratophyllum submersum L.

Demersum L. or coons tail is the species scientific name for the plant visually attributed to tank aquariums. And this is the first plant that water gardeners look for when starting to search for what they ultimately will foster into their water garden when considering Hornwort as a candidate aesthetic.

The foliage of the Hornwort demersum l. coons tail is porous and grows the fastest during summer. This perennial will loose bits that will wither on the pond bottom, and repopulate the pond the next year as the bits that broke off and settled take to the soil.

The texture of the foliage is very thin, defined officially as fine. The plant grows from multiple spines producing gray to green foliage, blue flowers, and white seeds.

It doesn’t matter if the soil in your water garden is fine, course, or medium textured if the ph is right, and the stems per acre are less than 7000, than this plant can take well, spread fast growing up to 11 ft. in a season. Moderate pruning may be necessary depending on the look the water garden is designed for, and the amount of shade cover needed by the aquatic life the water gardener has decided to support due to aesthetic, habitat, or selection in zones 4 11.

In zone 4 of Iowa, retrieving a piece of horwort genus is easy to do in any lake or water way, such as a stream. If the plant is exposed above the water line, in windy conditions if could have insects caught or living in it that don’t need to be transferred to your pond at home, or in to your tank if you have both.

In a water garden pond Hornwort will give smaller fry a place to hide, as older fish a highly oxygenated hidden place to rear their young. Heavy pruning prior to fall with help the plants per acre be tuned way down since Horwort coons tail only grow in spring and summer.

Adding Japanese rock garden elements to your water garden

Posted in How To by Administrator on June 15, 2009.

When designing a water feature never forget the elements that add suggestion, even if they are visually subliminal. I enjoy Japanese style water gardening (and landscaping) because it fits in small spaces. You can make your own artistic representation of anything in small scale, Japanese rock gardens will fit in many places.

My Japanese rock garden – I added the new elements (pictured below) to my whiskey barrel water garden theme.

Japanese Rock Garden

How-to: I made a mountainous region out of various shapes of rock that looks like a volcano with ornamental grass bursting over the top. Below the mountain is a sandier piece of flat rock (I got from a local gravel pit) that represents the lowlands. I added a few rounded rocks (I picked up at a beach) to soften the jagged edges of the landscape to bring balance. All these elements blend into this water feature…making the scenery complete.

Whiskey Barrel Garden

Posted in Filters, How To, Kits by Administrator on June 9, 2009.

whiskey barrel water gardenI ripped out my pond liner waterfall and replaced it with a more complex whiskey barrel garden theme. If you look at the first video below you get the basic idea of how it works. In the first box to the left (yellow recycled cat food container) is a pump and a few filter media pads for course debris removal. In the second box above the first (white recycled kitty litter container) is a UV filter and bio-media for nitrate reducing bacteria. After the second box, the water is pumped up to the left side of the whiskey barrel where it rises and flows out a nice, old bung spigot (I picked up on eBay) and into a lined half barrel with filter plants and gravel. The water then flows out a pipe and into the pond…back into the pump box and around the water goes. When I put in some plants the mud dirtied my water, but after just a few hours it was crystal clear again. With active bacteria thriving in the UV filter box, on the the gravel, the sides of the plastic tubs and even inside the whiskey barrel… this barrel water feature should be maintenance free for the entire summer!

Whiskey Barrel Garden Parts – In the following video you can view the circular chain with filtration and pumping.

Completed Whiskey Barrel Garden

Notes: If you increase the size of the pump box and UV filter/bio-media box you could add another 80 gallons of water to the system, what would this do? With more water you have a healthier environment for fish, frogs and turtles. Hidden, in-ground pump and filter boxes also cool the water. I plan to make this system more consumer friendly and install it locally in Massachusetts as part of a water gardening service. I will also offer it online as a complete kit, rain barrels are my business, need some? Talk to me!

Barley Straw Bales

Posted in Filters by Administrator on April 8, 2009.

Barley Straw Bales are used to treat filamentous and string algae in your water garden.

In order to determine how many bales of barley straw are needed to treat a pond; gauge one thousand gallons for every bale used.

Most barley straw is often sold two bales per pack.

These bales are often referred to as mini bales.

They are bundled in three and a half inch diameter rolls that are as long as a standard sheet of paper is wide: That is eight and a half inches in length.

There are calculators online to help determine how many gallons are in a pond.

The ideal place to secure each barley straw bale is at the surface close to the waterfall or filter conduit.

Most packages include a cork float. This will help keep the bale near the surface.

The bale takes about one month so show off its affect on the pond.

Each bale last about six months. After that time the bale needs to be replaced.

Five months in, set the next set of bales, or solitary new bale next to the barley straw bale that is going to be removed at the end of six months.

Manufactures of the product say that research has proven that the best results come from having barley straw mini bales in the water for at least one year.

Barley Straw bales are considered to be very healthy for the fish.

Consumers of the product say that Barley straw bales are the best way to keep algae from dominating a pond, or water garden.

Others have tried this product and have had poor results.

The effectiveness of the product may have to do with the algae in a particular bio-region.

While water garden enthusiasts try to find more creative ways to deal with algae, a product likes barley straw bales is working at curbing the problem for some people.

The Art of The Japanese Garden

Posted in Articles, Water Garden Books by Administrator on April 3, 2009.

The Art of the Japanese Garden was written for those looking for basic insight in colored details on Japanese landscape design, art and culture that bring this oriental experience into a tangible western perspective.

When we think of sophistication, nothing can be more straight forward than a stroll through a Japanese garden, not merely for the beauty that we can feel surging all around us, but the inherent knowledge these surroundings bring to our souls, in a unique experience that was built to cleverly achieve a cathartic moment at every curve of its path.

By suggesting a landscape through metaphoric language, the Japanese garden can depict famous natural scenes, evoking a particular artistic quality or atmosphere, be it through a Zen moment of gravel courtyards or a Buddhist enchantment of falls and flowers.

Extravagance, aristocracy and spirituality blend throughout the history of the Japanese gardens, and from them, an art form all its own was born, one that can be clearly understood, through photos and illustrations of garden layouts and single scenes.

Michiko and David Young are a couple that delve into the fascinating realm of Japanese Art, Architecture and Culture with creative passion.

While Michiko conducts tours of Japan for those looking to think outside of the box, David Young is a well known writer that puts into words, what most can only express through tears or laughter.

After teaming up with Tan Hong Yew, from Kuala Lumpur College of Art in Malaysia, Davids words, Michikos knowledge, insight and love for her own heritage, are superbly enhanced by his masterpiece illustrations, reverberating in the hearts imagination, all that which inspires the team itself, to do what they love most.

So dedicated are these three, that this book won the American Horticulture Society Book Award of 2006 and has brought change and uplifting insight to all those who take the time to flip through its pages with an open mind.

This 176-page hardcover, with 250 full-color photos and 50 watercolors, was written by couple David and Michiko Young, illustrated by Tan Hong Yew, was first published by Tuttle in September of 2005, measuring 11.1 x 8.6 x 0.8 and shipping at 2.5 pounds.

By detailing and discussing some of the most famous works of the Japanese water garden as well as the art and culture therein attached, The Art of Japanese Gardens takes the reader into the hearts and minds of each and every artist, with a subtle blend between words, photographs and illustrations that provoke the precious experiences originally intended by each artist of this timeless art of Japanese expression through gardening.

Related Book:
Art of Japanese Architecture – by David Young and Michiko Young.

The Water Gardener’s Bible

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on March 21, 2009.

The Water Gardener’s Bible: A Step-by-Step Guide to Building, Planting, Stocking, and Maintaining a Backyard Water Garden.

The Water Gardener’s Bible: A Step-by-Step Guide to Building, Planting, Stocking, and Maintaining a Backyard Water Garden by Kelly Billing and by Ben Helm is a practical guide to the water gardening advent of the modern age.

In this century we live better on average that ancient kings and queens with the man power of nations at their personal disposal. Even the most impoverished person on the planet has random access to more information that an ancient noble would ever receive in a life time. We have education, electricity, and many of us are starting to live off the grid. What does this have to do with water gardening? Everything!

The Water Gardeners Bible faces this age were water gardens are accessible to anyone willing to shell out a few at the local home improvement store for a water gardening basin kit and pond pump filtration system if the one in the kit is not the right one necessary. Water gardening used to be reserved for the extremely resourceful. Just like printing and design used to be difficult but isn’t in this modern age; water gardening as an art and source of serenity has come home to roost with the masses drive way after drive way on one level or another. Whether it is a pot pond garden, or a larger pool water gardening has become the interesting thing to be doing that spans across more cultural barriers that major league sports.

In this book Ben and Kelly go through the step by step process or building your ideal water garden based on your desires and needs. The authors set you up to succeed in the next phase of planting and sowing into your water garden with plants that will go well with each other and the wildlife your garden attracts, or the manicured fish you add to the water garden.

One all the concepts are in place you will find that Kelly and Ben have set the garden you choose to complete up well in a way where you can maintain it relatively easy with some due diligence and attentiveness to this books specific but general advice on how to do it right. So, you can build a back yard environment worthy of grandstanding to your guests at dinner parties across America this coming season.

The Lotus Know It Grow It

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on March 21, 2009.

The Lotus Know It Grow It is a clever 51 page book dedicated to Lotus in the water garden. The book sets the tone by scientifically explaining with clarity why Lotus are not a subspecies of lilies. Further setting the stage for not only cultural distinctiveness, but scientific as well. This is a contrasting cultural divide that goes back as long a water gardening has existed. This book written for the International Waterlily and Water Gardening Society is a joint venture to give Lotus the focus they deserve.

This is a very well written guide centered entirely around answering questions about the Lotus in the water gardening context: This range reaches into cultivation, cultural traditions, modern science, landscape uses, a gardeners guide and list of lotus resources.

The authors of this book covering most anything known about the Nelumbo Lotus genus are Kelly Billing (co-author of The Water Gardener’s Bible), and Paula Biles.

These two researches go into detail also explaining that all Lotus are not Nelumbo either. The state of the book reaches beyond this topic after the preface sets the reader on the right path.

Paula and Kelly have gathered together the collective knowledge about the Lotus from experts around the globe and distilled it into the very much needed booklet.

The Lotus is used for many things around the world. One part of the lotus is used as an oil lamp wick, and that is denoted in the text along with much more. Some of these techniques can be recreated in your own work space. Others are much more complicated. This book touches on what the possibilities are for crafty vixens, or men who want to surprise them with a obscure and useful craft that is set to the idiomatic left of water gardening lotus as the central themed past time.

Very valuable information is made available to the reader. Simple answers to reasons why Lotus do not work well in floral arrangements, among numerous other well organized fact that you might not know all add up to a very informative text. The Lotus Know It Grow It is a quick read that will forever improve the health of American water gardened Lotus that are affected by Paula, Kelly, and the power of learning what they know.

Master Book of the Water Garden

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on March 18, 2009.

Master Book of the Water Garden by Philip Swendells (who died in 2007) is 190 plant profiles of do it yourself water gardening in full color.

Mater Book of the Water Garden ISBN 1564651886 is 304 page of historical comprehensive insight on the topic of water gardening put to practical garden landscape art application.

This book release twice; once in 1997 and the second time in 2002 is a detailed step by step guide for water gardeners, and water gardening of every level.

The illustrations in book give the text a vibrant easy to understand way to get water gardening projects underway.

One of Philip Swendells key points is to articulately blend together the art and science of water gardening from below the ground up.

The focus on combining science and art in a way that is easy for everyone to digest and recreated is the uncanny strength of this water gardening classic how to book.

His robust and encouraging writing style is inspiring. For this reason Master Book of the Water Garden has received many other positive reviews, and critical acclaim.

Being penny wise and pound wise is central to the core reasoning in Philip Swendells Master Book of the Water Garden. He focuses at times on the creative process set on any budget.

Everyone knows that being able to be creative and elegantly refined is the best way to mind muscle through constrictive financial trouble or existence. Many of the water gardening projects described from start to finish are very savvy to not only the art and science of water gardened projects: The Author has his eyes wide open to the sensibility and tastes of his reading audience in a variety of economic life styles. Master Book of the Water Garden gives many insightful ways to get projects done right, saving anyone a lot of money on the do it yourself water gardening project(s).

From chapters on indoor pools, water meadows and stream sides, to those on wild life garden, semi formal garden, formal garden and others: Philip Swendells helps the reader attain a level of water garden magic for themselves and their household, extended yard, and/or work space.

The index and related advice on fish and fish choice, as well as water purification is very helpful resource to be able to finger through off the shelf of your personal home library.

Philip Swendells delivers the goods in this how-to water gardening tell all. Master Book of the Water Garden is a must for beginners, and other experts in this science of serenity and folk art tradition of meditative water gardening.

Four leaf water clover

Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on March 16, 2009.

Water Clover and frog in water gardenMarsilea Mutica is a four leaf water clover cultivar. Four Leaf Clovers are classified as an amphibious plant. In water gardening this banded nardoo is a perennial herb.

Four leaf clover can be planted in a small pot and left on the water gardening shelf. Doing this in three to four inches of water will add an interesting visual display. Water clover will survive this way to a temperature low of 20 º Fahrenheit or -6.67 º Celsius.

Water Clover is a good form of shade for the fish you are gardening for. This is because it floats above the surface tension like pond lillies.

Four leaf clover-marsilea Mutica-banded nardoo float above algae starving algae out of sunlight. Water clover beats algae to nutrients since it has a more efficient system to absorb nutrients.

Marsilea Mutica sprouts can be planted directly in submerged soil at the water gardening edge to blend the look of the yard gracefully into the aquascape. Many gardening additions have sprouts set in loose stone crevices. The roots of the clover find their way into the soil below the water; then pop off shortly into patches of soil affixed surface floating water clover. At night the water clover aquatically planted Marsilea Mutica will fold up. This is something that Marsilea Mutica doesn’t overtly do in mass on land.

The Mutica species (1 in 170) of the Marsilea (clover) genussets well in water gardens world wide, except for extremely cold ice locked regions, or extremely dry desert areas. In temperate and tropical regions Mutica can be settled into water gardened life well in time for St. Patricks Day.

Quick and Easy Container Water Gardens

Posted in Fountains, Water Garden Books by Administrator on March 12, 2009.

Quick and Easy Container Water Gardens by Philip Swindells is a fantastic one hundred twenty eight page resource.

This book (ISBN 1-58017-080-3) from Quatro Inc., goes into easy-to-do DIY container water gardening projects. From construction to lining, filtration, and plant choice options the book implements Philip Swindellss thirty-five years of experience.

Anyone who wants a bright artistic water garden look that fits well in many small container or other areas around the home should add this book to there personal do it yourself library.

Great container water garden projects like the raised or berried barrel in the section called lowering the level. The unique cornered look as well as a great examples of how less is more. With the words be sparing in your planting with a wonderful image of exactly what the author means in a photo of a rustic square cement block encircling a round container with the proportionally long and leaning iris leaves accenting the grey stone and spots of moss as they support a pair or purple blooms that rest just above the lip of the circle. How about a small bamboo container garden for indoors?

Quick and Easy Container Water Gardens affects what sings to us in trickling mini water gardens everywhere in the United States and around the world.


Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on March 12, 2009.

Cyperus Alternifolius bunch in small blue potCyperus (who common professional trade folk art breed name is various forms of Umbrella Grass, and Flat Grass), is a water garden plant group who’s cultivars are great marginal water filtration plants. The cultivars in the Cyperus genus are popular water garden and table top pot pond icons due to the spay leaves and suite following pedals. The pedal are thin like fingers with wide negative empty spaces between each pedal. The pistols in some cultivars and species of Cyperus reach out like a horn antennae combination or concept fusion.

Cyperus are water garden pond grass-like herbs. The clump that fans out into the perennial sadge banquette popularly considered the rich variable look of the species and cultivars of reaches out from each base rhizome.

Each flower of the cultivars in the species that make up the Cyperus genus have erupted from seed heads. This exposure of the flower a top the somewhat relatively triangular stem happens after green seed heads have turned brown then erupted with the imaging flower.

However, uniform the species making up genus Cyperus are; the appearance of these flower heads adds a distinctive look to the aesthetic of water garden on an individual basis. That is to say, one cultivars flower head is vastly distinctive from another cultivar wither the plant is inter or extra species correlative.

Cyperus has a proud history serving the needs of mankind. Cyperus is the hosting genus that Papyrus is a species of. A good majority of all human knowledge has been recorded on paper made from the cultivars of Cyperus Papyrus.

Cyperus is native to North America, and is well known in history as Yellow Nut Grass.

The tubers of this genus act as storage for food and nutrients.

The water plants that make up the Cyperus genus are predominantly tropical. The zones this genus thrives best in are 4-11. Many of this cultivars within the several species of Cyperus genus are limited to hardy life in zones 7, or 8 11 respectively.

The extremely popular species along the Cyperus Genus bell curve are:

Cyperus Alternifolius (formerly known as Involucratus [this term is dead to science-but still in popular use in the professional folk trade and breeding arts Timber Press @ 2008: Pocket Water Guide to Water Garden Plants by Greg Speichert and Sue Speichart page 105 paragraph 4. Sue and Greg are also co-author of the popular Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants. Although the link lists Ann Lovejoy who wrote the forward.]), Standard Umbrella Grass; Longus, Hardy Umbrella Grass, Sweet Galingale; Giganteus, Mexican Papyrus; Prolifer, Dwarf Papyrus; Rotundus, Purple Nut Sedge; Papyrus; and 594 others….

Cyperus Rotundus is extremely invasive and should be avoided as a useful water garden plant entirely. People ignoring the fact that rotundus are illegal for a reason and still place them in a water garden has led to serious environmental threats to the biodiversity of entire regions.

Cyperus Flavescens and Esculentus species cultivars can cause extreme allergic reactions in humans. Cyperus usually grows well out of range from the normal human habitat. The reason there is a warning against adding these to a water garden is because people have and been hurt.

While the smaller cultivars are treasured pond pot and table top plants, and still others are preferred as water filtration marginals: The larger species and cultivars are excellent tropical water garden center pieces to build a garden theme around.

It is very important to fertilize the plants of the Cyperus genus on a continual monthly basis to ensure the continued health of the plant and the whole water garden.

The tropical cultivars should be kept indoors in winter areas. This is the time when tropical species of the Cyperus genus are susceptible to infection from insects. However, avid care for the Cyperus genus over winter will ensure a very diversified water garden in the American spring when butterflies and other interesting insects return to take advantage of your returning water garden.


Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on March 10, 2009.

Japanese Iris PondIris genus is known best for its beautiful flower. Various species and cultivars in species exist for this vibrant plant genus. All Iris are considered to be an herb.

Two Iris species are popularly known by insiders and sport hobbyists within the water gardening set as the best water filtration species. The cultivars of these species each have something different to offer a filtration setting.

The Iris genus is a strongly pest free marginal. It is also important to note that there are 850 species and over 11,396 plus cultivars. This is a short and sweet overview that is not meant to be comprehensive. Many listed cultivars are actually species as well. Not only are new species, sub species, and cultivars invented or discovered every year; but labeling and relabeling is an on going task. For this to be complete breeders should meticulously record the process of how the new cultivar or stabilized species has been bred.

There are many sub genus within the ranks of the species that are collectively the Iris genus. The well known sub genus are Hermodactyloides, Iris, Limniris, Nepalensis, Scorpiris, Xiphium.

In the Future Louisiana may be added to the sub genus list, as well as other species with cultivars that are groups of sub cultivars.

The stems that are usually under ground and in some species under water are called rhizomes.

The Iris is a world renowned icon. They speak to the sentimental core of even the most rigid human heart.

The Iris genus grows best in full sunlight. And they companion well with other filter plants.

Water at the gardens edge should not be more than a few inches over the crown. However, water can be covering the cultivars and species of the Iris genus year round.

Clay soil works best from a wide PH range.

The Iris genus species and cultivars are not able to survive in salt water at all.

The Iris genus is at its peak in 18 º Celsius which is 65 º Fahrenheit.

Enough cross breeding has gone into the Iris genus that the results over time are astounding. But the care the goes into each species and its numerous cultivars is somewhat uniform.

In the spring cultivars that are potted should be brought up to the surface leaving the crown under water. The warm water will help kick start the life cycle of the plant cultivar in this genus.

In the summer to promote fertilization and pollination, pull back the dead plant material, and dried flowers. 18 º Celsius which is 65 º Fahrenheit is the goal temperature needed in the pool before fertilization should begin; then continue on a monthly basis until the species dies back.

During the fall discontinue fertilizing a month before the last frost free days set in. And if the water garden is not in a cold state; then stop when the flowers are no longer budding.

At the beginning of winter the water garden variety cultivars of this genus needs to be submerged in the water garden at a depth that does not freeze.

In order for them to grow well the following spring be sure to submerge them in a shallow wide pot: That is at least one foot (30cm) in diameter. This keeps the plant from popping out of the pot too easily when it grows next season. The rhizome needs to be sitting over a thin layer of dirt. The rhizome should be placed to the side of the pot with the tip pointing inward, and slightly covered in more soil.

The time of year a plant in the species grouping of the Iris genus will or will not bloom varies greatly from one cultivar to another even within the respective species. Although some cultivars in a given species group will bloom all at the same time of year in some specially grouped cultivars.

Iris Water species are: Fulva, Laevigata, Louisiana, Versicolor, Virginica, and Anguifuga. Iris species that like to be very wet, but still work best with soil, but then like to be dried out are: Ensata, Siberian.

Iris species for both wet soil and water are: Regelia, Tall Bearded, Rebloomer, Abbeville Reds, Other Numerous Stabilized hybrid species and their cultivars, Peggy Mac, Brevicaulis, Giganticaerulea, Hexagona, Tet tetraploidy a.k.a. The Professors, and Nelsonii.The species with question marks are also thought of as subspecies of the Louisiana species, of which Fulva is the most controversial. We will briefly touch on that further on.

Some of the more popular cultivars in the Ensata a.k.a. Kaempferi (Japan Iris) species are: Crown Imperial, Dark Lightning, Dragon Mane, Edged Delight, Epimethius, Espata, Fond Kiss, Frosted Plum, Hue and Cry, Muffington, Peak of Pink, Pinkerton, Pooh Bah, Rafferty, Rose Water, Ruby Star, Sapphire Crown, Shinto Rings, Silver Band, Southern Son, and Variegatus.

A very short list (VSL) of popular cultivars in the Tall Bearded species are: Galactic Warrior, (Sub species Rebloomer cultivars VSL: Come What May, Coral Strand, Shebas Queen Et., al. etc.), Dwarf, Variegatus, and many more….

About a month after the Tall Bearded species have bloomed and its Sub species Red Bloomer have first bloomed; the Louisiana cultivars take their turn to spread their pedals in the light. These majorly popular cultivars are: Bayou Blue Bird, Red Echo, Idle Gossip, Bayou Dawn, Voodoo Queen, Cajun Angel, Jeri great white hope, (Louisiana Sub species Peggy Mac and cultivars, Louisiana Sub Species Iris nelsonii and cultivars), Abbeville Reds, Caragonia, Dixie Deb, Elizabeth the Queen. Fulva is also part of the Louisiana speciel family colloquially. Fulva is one of the five main sub species of Louisiana species of the Iris genus. Even some printed material removes Fulva from the Louisiana line. Instead listing it apart as a species in the Iris genus unto itself when it is not totally clear how diverged the plant group is from its common association with the Louisiana species.

Copper Iris, Red Flag are popular terms for Fulva: Some of the popular cultivars of this sub species of the Louisiana species in the Iris genus are: Iris Louisiana Fulva Laevigata (not to be confused with the plant it is named after which is the main Iris Laevigata species); Marvel Gold; Butterscotch; Bayou Bandit, and Ker-gawl among others.

Many references cite Fulva as both a solitary species in the Iris genus, and one of the main five (out of man others) subspecies of Louisiana species.

There are the ten tetrapoidy professors species stock developed in 1964; that were further bred into ‘Bozo,’ ‘Decoy,’ ‘Godzilla,’ ‘King Kong,’ ‘Sauterne,’ and ‘Wine Cooler cultivars of historical note, as well as others that have become popular due to the creativity expressed in their creation within the genre of the non diploidic sub races of the Iris Genus form the mankind mutated version of the Louisiana specie. These are by far the most interesting of the Iris genus cultivars instantly mutated via harsh chemicals into species with additional chromosomes: As invented by Professor Mertzweiller and his tenassistant professors: Then further defined by the super hero like cultivar mutant in carnations of Durio, Norris and Raabe respectively from these ten professor species that were forced to evolve from Louisiana cultivarsunder chemical duress.

To make this clearer some think-tanks list the five main sub species of Louisiana in the Iris genus as Fulva, Brevicaulis, Giganticaerulea Hexagona, and Nelsonii.

This seems to be for brevity since there are many more popular subspecies like Peggy Mac.

Although the popular market may hold on to the Louisiana Iris cultural iconic label unless there is a common genetic reason for the label rather than a world wide respected almost hollowed cultural reason for the labels continued use in the fan fair of Iris genus enthusiasts and professional breeders hard science may need to let the term die off in the technical realm for the sake of scientific clarity. Or accept that with Iris and many other water garden plant genus; there are species and sub species, then cultivars. Or what has been considered a cultivar is discovered to actually a species. And have a mode in place that accurately denotes these additions when the human induced or even natural evolution of these cultivars exposes them as species within species. If our definitions are not definitive then they must evolve as a technology to remain scientific rather than nostalgic.

The Iris genus Laevigata (rabbit ear) species from Asia historically that are the most talked about cultivars are: Variegata, Variegata Alba, Violet Parasol, Albopurpurea, Colchesterensis, Midnight Wine, Monstrosa, Mottled Beauty, Regal, Royal Cart Wheel, Semperflorens, and Snow Drift.

The cultivars of the–native North America Versicolor species ranging from upper Canada down to Texas and over to the Mississippi, (commonly referred to as Beet Root Iris & Blue Flag), that are most often cited for their light blue flowers in spring are: Between The Lines, Candystriper, Little Rhyme, Mint Fresh, Mysterious Monique, Party Line, Pink Peaks, and Shape Up.

In the same habitat zone as the Versicolor Blue Flag; the some what taller and more drought tolerant Iris genus Virginica species carries the same common name and this species most well documented and popular cultivars are: Contraband Girl, Dotties Double, Pond Crown Point, and Pond Lilac Dream.

Iris genus Pseudacorusis note worthy due to the fact that all water gardeners need to be careful where they are planted. The species and its cultivars are invasive. Planting them were the seeds can spread to other water ways is an irresponsible water gardening practice. If they are planted the water garden flow must be under complete segregation and control of the water gardener. This species is not suggested for novice gardeners for this reason. In many states this species and its cultivars are illegal.

Read the Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants, it’s the best book on the subject to own and make reference to over the years…


Posted in Articles, Fountains by Administrator on March 10, 2009.

Flowforms are an interesting new way to look at flowing water.

John Wilkes author of Flowforms: The Rhythmic Power of Water patented his first Flowform water sculpture over 30 years ago, his book is a cherished “read” and coffee table book for those of us who love and are inspired by water. To celebrate flowforms you must recognize natural artist, John Wilkes.

These small to large cascading, vortex fountains softly bubble water into leaf like portions that blend graciously with the flowered life of a water garden. The flowing water swirls in each bowl, then moves down to the next. The swirling activity oxygenates and refreshes water naturally. Beneficial nitrate eating bacteria make an invisible film on the surface of the concrete to freshen stagnant water as it passes by. Even if a vortex is made of PVC plastic helpful bacteria will also make their home on it’s surface. Flow form vortexes are being uses in poor communities to filter water when nearby streams and rivers have become polluted.

The sculpted image of an over sized flower, that is only slightly over sized in order to attract momentary attention from the human observer or drinking animal, is understated in tall or surrounding foliage; and by the water that accents it by rippling above it alcoves, and into the liquid whole. A whole that the pieces then are accents of.

The flowforms can come in several earth tones that run from a brick red, to sand pot browns and can be purchased online. How about making your own by sculpting in concrete and pigment to color?

John Wilkes describes his sevenfold flowform cascade – Youtube.com

Flowforms add a whole new feel to cascade of water flow.

Most flowforms are cast from granite, and some are designed to push water off in figure eights after the flow leaves the form and is blending its pressure with the rest of the immediate water garden.

The Flow Form models focus on the natural, water already has current in living water bodies. Flowforms lift these ideas to the surface so that they can be naturally enjoyed both above and below the dimensions of the surface tension. You can sometimes observe forms of water on the beach, as the tide rolls in and pulls sand back out in the shape of a heart. Flowforms reside in nature and inspired, creative water feature art.

Sweet Flag

Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on March 10, 2009.

Sweet Flag - Licorice, Acorus GramineusLicorice, Acorus Gramineus A.K.A sweet flag gets its name from the scent of the zyla (plant juice) that comes from a broken leaf. This ground cover perennial is an evergreen in its natural climate zone.

Some of the American common names for Licorice Acorus Gramineus include grassy-leaves sweet flag, Japanese sweet flag, as well as Japanese rush, among others.

These names are synonymous with industry related inaccuracy for technical specificity. The terms are used loosely for any member of the Gramineus species. So, without knowing it these terms really represent Gramineus species except for Golden Pheasant; or the Acorus genus as a whole.

The Licorice cultivar of the Gramineus species in the Acorus genus is best when the plant is in direct sunlight. The caveat is that this Acorus Gramineus Licorice plant can tolerate a lite amount of shade.

The ideal planting depth for Licorice is in 1 inch (30cm) of water.

Each pale flower & dark green leaf patch grows a foot high and a foot in diameter on average.

In smaller pot ponds the Acorus Gramineus Licorice shouldn’t be over watered.

Licorice, Acorus Gramineus can still have robust leaves in some winter climates. The climate zones for Licorice, Acorus Gramineus are zones 5 10 according to the United States Department of Agriculture.

  • Zone 5a can go as low as -28 º Celsius or -20 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 5b reaches down to -26 º Celsius or -15 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 6a sustains Licorice down to -23 º Celsius or -10 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 6b: -20 and a half º Celsius or -5 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 7a runs down to -17 º Celsius (nearly -18 plus 3 tenths), or 0 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 7b climbs up a few degrees as its Acorus Gramineus Licorice Low temperature at 14.9 º Celsius which is 5º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 8a has a low temp for the Licorice Cultivar at -12.2 º Celsius, which is 10 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 8b sustains Licorice Cultivar at -9.4 º Celsius, 15 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 9a rises 2.8 degrees for a sustainable low temperature of º -6.6º Celsius, which is 20 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 9b makes another 2.8 degree jump base temperature tolerance which brings the tolerable low up to -3.8 º Celsius, 25 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 10a is the beginning of the conclusion of tolerable temperature zones for the Licorice, Acorus Gramineus according to the United States Department of Agriculture. The low temperature of Licorice, Acorus Gramineus for this zone is -1.1 ºCelsius, which is 30 º Fahrenheit.
  • Zone 10b is the last tolerable zone according to the USDA. The low temperature for this zone is 1.7 º Celsius, which is 35 º Fahrenheit.

Crushed or bruised this Acorus Genus, Gramineus specie cultivar gives off a lush licorice scent. Mashing a small bit for a guest to smell in the back ground while socializing by or in the water garden environment is a great way to refresh the daily life of your friends and acquaintances on occasion when they visit your home based water garden.

Filter Plants

Posted in Articles, Filters, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on March 6, 2009.

Water Garden Filter Plants - bog, pond gardensGreat plants to filter pond, bog, and water garden water are vast and numerous. The jackpot of these filter plants come from the several plant families who companion well together. The Acoraceae and Araceae families that contain the taxonomically controversial an as of yet unresolved definition of the Acorus genus are among the most effective water filtration plants in water gardens.

For filtration purposes the Acorus Calamus Variegatus companions well with species in the Iris genus such as versicolor cultivars and virginica cultivars.

Acorus Americanus; Acorus Gramineus Yodo-no-yuki [ever green]; Iris (Blue Flag, the bulk common term for all iris genus cultivars of the versicolor species) Versicolor [Herb]; broad leaf ( Typha genus latifolia species) [Herb]; and narrow leaf (typha genus anustifolia species) [Herb]: All work well together as companion plants that filter ponds and water gardens very well.

The Yodo-no-yuki cultivar will add a subtle variegated yellow cream tint that is barely visible in the hue of this filterers light green spears.

This set of water filtering companions grow best in temperatures no lower than 40º Fahrenheit, in as direct sunlight as possible. Shade will not hurt this combination, sunlight just fares the filtering companions better. Theyare also great bog garden filterers also.

Some of the other most recommended filter plants listed by genus then species for ponds are Cyperus alternifolius; Eichhornia crassipes; Glyceria maxima Variegata; Juncus Afro, and Effuses cultivar (variables), Ludwigia arcuta Grandflora, and puruviana; Mentha aquatica; Oenanthe javanica Flamingo; Pistia stratiotes Aqua Velvet; Sagittaria latifolia; Scirpus; as well as those mentioned earlier in this entry.

Many water gardens have bog gardens near by. This is intentionally done so that the dense root system of the bog garden will filtrate both the bog and water garden naturally.

The addition of a pump with a rain garden or bog garden will make the plants in each will create a very effective filtration system.

For stand alone water gardens that are constructed to naturally slow drain back into the earth via a filter directly the plants mentioned and listed above are an excellent way to cut down on algae. The most affective use of these plants happens when they are in the path of flowing water so if you are running flow hoses have them filter threw the bog and back into the pond or water garden. Create a natural filtration system!


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on March 2, 2009.

Nymph GoldfishNymph Goldfish are a combination variety originally bred from Shubunkin and Classic Fantail stock. They are both metallic and iridescent simultaneously.

This hearty goldfish almost shines in many colors like the legend of Josephs Electric Technicolor Dream Coat. The fantastic nymph goldfish bedazzles the human eye.

This Nymph goldfish is great in outdoor ponds. The real task is protecting them from other animals that will happen upon your water garden and note its location as a food source.

This fancy goldfish has a trimmer body than other fancies. It is important to not mix it in with the slower swimmers in the goldfish variety plethora. It will get to the food quicker, and starve out the other slower fish.

Giving the Nymph Goldfish plenty of water to swim in is important. Even outdoor ponds need at least ten gallons of water to begin to make there interesting animals viable.

Nymph Goldfish are usually available in sizes of eight to twelve cm from the mouth to the single caudal fin tail.

Bronze Comet

Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on March 2, 2009.

Bronze Comet GoldfishWhat is so special about the Bronze Comet Goldfish? The bronze comet goldfish is the least man made goldfish next to the original carp: Rumored to be the Cruzan Carp of today at one evolutionary step back nearly 1900 years ago.

After the first carp were sectioned off in the rice patch ponds these resulting bronze colored goldfish were the first to show signs of coloration.

It is the innovation inherent in the curiosity of the human mind that wondered about selecting for color tendencies in this plain bronze scale exterior.

Some sat staring into the water at these bronze comets for a very long time.

The inherent I wonder what would happen if that comes natural to childhood boredom, and the fact that at those ages we have a lot of time on our hands had to result in the research eureka that lead to adult experimentation those ten to twenty centuries ago.

The Bronze Comet will last in nearly any temperature, as long as the water doesn’t freeze, and they have an adequate place to hide from predators. They also do very well indoors in fish tanks.

They will out eat the fancy varieties. So, only host them with other hearty koi, or goldfish.

Bubble Eye

Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on February 21, 2009.

Bubble Eye GoldfishThe Bubble Eye Goldfish was first developed in China. The logical legend has it this variety created, and recreated though severe inbreeding originally was bred for selection among Telescope eye, and Celestial goldfish. These other two varieties were already severely inbred and selected for there particular eye socket mutations.

This is admittedly neat to look at once the symmetrical artistic epiphany is achieved through inbreeding recipes, and variety specific bloodlines that have already been created. Often this careful inbreeding is maintained so that the mutation from inbreeding remains balanced in favor of the traits that are desirable.

In Japan this goldfish is call suihogan.

The bubble eye has been bred to have twin caudal fins, and no dorsal fin. There is a caveat to the dorsal fin. This caveat is relative to where you are personally from. Various breeding artists in China have selected for bubble eye with a dorsal fin. This variety has not yet become popular in the western world.

In the USA the competitive judging process of the Gold Fish Society of America disqualifies any bubble eyed gold fish with any indication of even a bump where the dorsal fin could be.

It is conceivable that through a long process of severe selection and breeding that one could develop a bubble eye like goldfish with a dorsal fin outside of China. But this is not the artistic epiphany associated with the bubble eye as we know it. That goldfish would be called something else like dorsal fin bubble eye, or some other interesting name in some lingua franca; (the proper linguistic term for any Language, Creole, or Pigeon that trade is done in).

The sacs of the bubble eye are the creatures most striking feature to the eyes and fingertips of the human people who observe them. These sacs are filled with liquid. They are extremely delicate. They are the main reason why these fish are tank fish and not suited for most out door ponds, or water gardens.

Only the most strictly maintained water garden can host them if every conceivable rough surface, and abrupt edge is constantly and instantly removed. This is nearly impossible in an outside pond. Tree branches and leaves fall into the water, roots in search of moisture pop up through the bottom of the pond. These are issues that make it impossible for there bubble eye goldfish to maneuver almost completely blind in the water world.

Essentially what these creatures are is a result of breeders selecting for a kind of blindness in goldfish because humans find it visually interesting. That is not a value judgment. It is however, one relative quotient of the whole fact.

The eyes of the Bubble Eye varieties, like the Celestial goldfish point upward. This makes it very hard for them to locate food. They will locate it. But they will loose out on food and starve out if they are placed in with heartier goldfish, and competitive, better adapted, natural fish varieties.

When feeding them pick slowly sinking food. This gives them plenty of time to see it. If they have to feel about for the food a greater risk of popping a sack is introduced.

Do not feed them food that floats. This may seem counter intuitive, but bubble eye goldfish have large stomachs in a relative way. This makes them susceptible to internal constipation and swim bladder discomfort from taking in air while they consume floating food. Completely soaking the food first can help the food not rest above the surface tension of the water.

Feeding bubble eye goldfish with swim bladder discomfort frozen green peas for a few days after a twenty four hour fast is a recommended way to nurse them back to health quickly.

Housing them with other less light dependent goldfish is ideal. Such as the kinds they were originally bred from: Telescope & Celestial goldfish.

Some of the bubble eye coloration is stable: While other color varieties are not as stable.

The black variety for example can loose its tone easily based on how much light it is exposed to. This is also true for the gold toned varieties.

The colors of the Bubble Eye varieties, can span from the previously mentioned rare black, to blue & brown (a.k.a. chocolate), calico, red & black, red, red & white, and gold tones.

If they do puncture a sac it will grow back but not as symmetrical as before.

It is important for these fish to have calm water to swim in. If you have intake and output machines regulating there water way, and nitrate levels at forty parts per million. It is important that the pressures are not too extreme. It is already difficult for these goldfish to swim with the sacks. So, lower pushes and pulls to and from the water system is ideal.

Bubble Eye varieties need to have a minimum of ten gallons of water. Some bigger ones need above fifty-one gallons to thrive.

The ideal temperature for Bubble Eye Goldfish color and fin varieties to live well is relatively warm. They do best in water that is seventy-six to seventy-eight degrees.In extremely clean continuously filtered water temperature can go as high as ninety-two degrees.

This beautiful bubble eye variety is the result of a long process of careful selection for a North American aesthetic.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on February 21, 2009.

Pearlscale Goldfish - Golf Ball VarietyMany pearlscale goldfish are egg shaped with scales that have a build up of material in the middle of each scale. These goldfish are the only variety standard that has a different kind of scale. Since this build up has a white tent on a metallic looking scale, the resulting round built up resembles a pearl. Hence the name: Pearlscale Goldfish.

One of the most popular pearlscale varieties is the Golf Ball goldfish. If the Golf Ball goldfish is put in an outdoor pond then leave them in there alone as a variety. This way they have a good chance at reaching food in the proportion you give it to them in.

The golf ball fish isn’t blind, so putting them in a pond with visually impaired fish would not be worth it. After taking the time to make sure that there are no abrupt edges in the pond at all; the sight impaired fish would simply be out swam to the food by the Golf Balls.

The blind or sight deflected fish maybe better swimmers, but unable to see the food as quickly. Golf Ball Pearlscale goldfish carp will be out swam to food by other fish varieties that can see as good but are made of a better swim design.

Not just golf ball pearlscale, but all perlscale goldfish have cramped internal organs.

For this reason an enthusiast needs to be careful what kind of food they are fed. This care will help them digest food better and live longer.

Feed them dry food flakes of pellets and the food will swell inside the fish causing internal cramping: possibly leading to death. Any food you feed these creatures must be thoroughly soaked before it is fed to them. This means soaking it before it hits the surface of the water. This way the proportion they eat will not expand inside themas it soaks up liquids inside the pearlscale goldfishes digestive track.

Hamanishiki are pearlscale goldfish with head growth. Breeders weed out fry mating the fish for head growth that is in one piece and round.

The non-head growth category of pearlscale goldfish are breed to have a body depth that is no less than 2/3rd the body length.

For any of these pearlscale variants from Hamanishiki to Golf Ball a minimum of ten gallons of water is needed for an indoor or outdoor pond/ water garden. Much more water is preferred since these fish grow kinda big.

If the fish is injured and looses a scale, a regular scale will replace it.

There is some debate over whether or not the water needs to be calcium enriched to help the actual pearlscales of the fish themselves be stronger, healthier, and less prone to getting knocked free.

Pearscales are majestic and artistically inspiring to look at despite there very Spartan offspring selection process. They come in fascinating colors and make great citizens in city-state water garden ponds next to walk ways and in back yards across America.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on February 12, 2009.

Lionhead Goldfish are named for the growth that has been bred for in this goldfish variety, by humans, around the top of this bred varieties head.

The presumed original name for this pot bellied fish is Shu-xing. The name comes from the long revered legend of the God of longevity called Shu-Xing Gong by mankind.

One theory as to the Lionheads early popularity as a desired bred artistic epiphany is the robust belly and its ad hoc or anthropomorpha sized resemblance to the Laughing Buddha: Budai Qieci, Hasne, Louhan, Hotei, Angida as he is referred to depending on which reference point is used.

This depth has been standardized to be over ½ to about 5/8 the length of the Lionhead goldfish body.

Some experts say that these goldfish were bred to mimic the likeness of the artist rendering of the mythical lionhead dog; in order to impress the then Emperor Circa 1500 A.D. or before.

The coloration is rich. There are metallic colors and non metallic colors. Although the color white is for weddings in the United States the Chinese influence over color choices while breeding lionhead goldfish still out vote the non-Chinese native observer. In China white still represents death. For this reason the color is weeded out as a solid color in breed-line choices: Although there is a rare variety with a red cap and white body.

The metallic colors are orange, red, black, blue, and chocolate.

Lionhead iridescent coloration; the colors come paired and in three color combinations:

  1. The color pairs are: Red & Black, and Red & White.
  2. The trifecta is a combo of: Red x White x Black.
  3. The last color combos are best described as Calico.

Lionhead goldfish are considered cute. The final result of breeding is cute, even if natures man made edits along the way have a few misspellings in them due to inbreeding.

These fish are among the fancy variety. The body of the lionhead goldfish is egg-shaped. So, making sure that food is thoroughly soaked, so that it doesn’t expand in their tightly fit digestive system.

This fish is a popular dorsal fin free variety epiphany reached as a desirable breeding aesthetic. Lionhead goldfish can be found for sale easily online, in pet stores, and at superstores across America.

There is no doubt that is artistic breeding statement is interesting to look at in the aquarist tank, or as one of the heartier fancy goldfish that can be in outdoor water gardens in some temperatures.

They have a double caudal fin that is expansive, but still lends to the overall compact look of what is considered the standard for the lionhead goldfish breeding expression currently.The look includes having the caudal fins turn perpendicular to the body where the fins meet the body of the goldfish.

The lionhead growth looks mostly like a section of a raspberry that is actually part of the goldfishes head. Often this distinction is about the creatures face. It is not however, as protrusive as the growth anomalies bred for in Pompom Goldfish.

Depending on the breeding complications in the bloodline the growth may or may not be so extreme as to impede the goldfishes vision.This is the main defining point between various Lionhead sub-varieties. There is also a long finned variety that somewhat uncommon.

This head growth can continue to grow in some breed lines until the fish in no longer able to see around it. This head growth often takes a year to appear. Males also can shed this mane from time to time.

This fish is not a fast swimmer so placing it in with non-light dependent goldfish (blind goldfish), gives this variety and equal chance at reaching the food. These non-light dependent or visually impaired fish are Celestial, Globe Eye, Telescope Eye, Water Bubble Eye, Lionchu, Ranchu goldfish, as-well-as a few others.

Lionhead goldfish can grow up to ten inches, or more. To ensure that they have a chance to get that big matching them to water gardens, front walk ponds, & tanks with fifteen gallons or more is ideal when they are not in an outdoor pond during our cold American winter.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on February 10, 2009.

Lionchu GoldfishSo, a guy walks into a pet shop and he asks the store clerk, What do you get when you cross and lionhead and a ranchu? The kid answers correctly stealing the punch line away from the joke, A Lionchu. However, these lionchu mongrels turned out to be no joke.

The modern Lionchu is the result of rafflesgold.com. This Thailand based aquarist society did not intent to reinvent the wheel. They bred their goldfish for what seem natural to them with regard to aesthetic desire.

Prior to 2006 lionchu were gaining popularity. This deliberate breeding of lionheads and ranchus was not yet being taken seriously. Judging aquarist societies were not allowing this most evolutionary of creative hobbyist sports to evolve.

It’s not like the breeding of fish is along the lines of the society for creative acronyms: The SCA is known for all its participating expressions to be period to the year 1600 or prior.

In a similar way as doing something SCA Period or not: In modern times the SCA is considered the largest martial arts group in the world. And in some weekend battle events they have been known to draw as many ten thousand combatants pre side. period like creating meed without any modern ingredients or equipment including how the bees are bred and kept: Certain aquarist gold fish societies only began to take Lionchu breeders seriously when it was found out that in 1800 a line of lionchus were in vogue among breeders in Japan. This breed was called shishigashira ranchu. That is lionheaded ranchu to you.

Lionchu Swimming In Tank Video

These shishigashira ranchu actually had bumps on the back of the fish. These bumps were located where the dorsal fin was supposed to be bred out. This to modern shishigashira ranchu breeders is an indicator that the earlier attempts in the 19th century had not perfected the breeding out of the dorsal fin at the time of their historical record.

Being the Japanaphiles that they are, (not that this is a bad thing, it is however, a thing), Goldfish aquarist societies decided to include the Lionchu in the ranks of what is acceptable breeding. This acceptance wasbased on the discovery of the lionchus historic significance circa period 1800.

Many goldfish breeders do love the lionchus they create: Or continue to encourage onto new generations in optimzed indoor and outdoor water gardens, tanks and summer time ponds across America.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on February 1, 2009.

Orange and White Ryukin GoldfishRyukin is a type of Goldfish. The ryukin goldfish is defined by the fact that the hump starts behind the head of the fish.

A ryukin is as long and appears fat. Fat in the way that some kinds of strong men are rounded but obviously muscled to the core.

Because of this shape the swim bladder of the fish is prone to infection. Keeping the nitrate level below 20ppm is ideal.

If the fish is upside down, (facing the bottom of the tank, pond, or water garden), or floating about this is a very strong sign that the infection is bad.

The shape of the body as well as the size proportions of the fins make them awesome swimmers, displacing a lot of water for there size as they go. Think wing span of a hawk, verses its body size.

The dorsal fin of the fish makes it look a lot less compact than it would without the genetic feature.

These fish come in rich brown, white, read, green, light green, blue, red (the original ryukin color), red and white combos.

The tails can vary from short, to long.

The calico ryukin have smaller humps that the other varieties.

Other than the caudel fin the other fins about the ryukin’s body configuration is specific. Each set it an even pair: Anal fins, ventral fins, and pectoral fins should all match evenly if this is to be a true competition worthy ryukin.

These fish are great companions of many goldfish varieties, except the very fancy varieties.

To sustain them in a living environment they need roughly twenty gallons of water minimum which outdoor water gardens and ponds usually exceed.

Ammonia is a problem with these fish. If you over crowd them, your tank will die.

Soak fish food before hand so it doesn’t bloat in there systems and seriously hurt them.

Ryukin are interesting fish that bring a tinge of delight to every home made water way they inhabit.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on February 1, 2009.

Fantail GoldfishThe Fantail Goldfish got the nick named in English that stuck with the variety breed because of what the animals tail most resembles as its most commonly distinct feature to the general human eye.

The fantail is the American breed variety for the ryukin bred in Japan. The breeders who created this variety were trying to create ryukin. As a result, the fantail was developed.

The fantail has a long quadruple fin. They can have telescope eyes or what humans consider to be more natural looking eye configuration and development.

Unlike the ryukin the fins around the body of the fantail are not as developed. They also do not have the pronounced hump that the ryukin are known for.

Narcreous and metallic scales are common.

These fish survive best in water that is from 55ºF to 70ºF. That is a comfort range 13ºC to 21ºC.

Fantails are often orange, red, chocolate (same call it bronze), and calico in coloration.

To arrive at this selected for artistic epiphany goldfish in the fantail line are produced in large numbers ranging into the hundreds if not more to find a breed pair among several generations. This often means breeding grand parents with grand children or other such combination to avoid unwanted features from continuing to manifest in the bloodline. This included the unique take on the egg like roundness of what is now commonly seen as a well bred fantail goldfish.

These fantail goldfish are considered part of the fancy goldfish breeding tradition.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on January 26, 2009.

Calico Ranchu GoldfishThe Ranchu is what some Japanese enthusiast are known for calling the King of goldfish.

Japanese breeder think tanks discovered, through research and experimentation, this ranchu breed devised from the various lionhead goldfish variety stocks.

The descending arch of the ranchu is more pronounced than most other goldfish varieties and types.

This downward arch is definitely more pounced than the origin stocks or any of the lionhead breeds.

They remind you of shoulder muscles being flexed by children in the mirror to imitate body builders posing with dynamic tension.

Some of the other features that set these ranchu apart are that they have short tails, and a stomach area that takes up 5/8th to 3/4th of the fish.

They are more egg shaped than not. And they looked like a very bulked up body building version of the otherwise sleek goldfish.

This bulky look is also visually an effect of the fish simply not having a dorsal fin.

Ranchu look like the bald muscled version of this fish. It might be one of the reasons why the collective Japanese breeding eye sees them as the King of goldfish.

Most ranchu come in orange, black and gray.

And indeed they look like the sumo of goldfish.

In fact the bramble heads on the head of the ranchu support this likeness well beyond that of an aquarist writers initial assumptions.

Many people the world over see this same correlation.

The bramble-heads remind many breeders and breeding societies world wide of the funny hairdos of sumo wrestlers. This further adds to the comparison.

The ranchu is considered strong, yet out of shape do to fatness, as are the respected sumo.

Both the sumo and the ranchu represent traditional thoughts on esthetic.

Size, in balance will impose realities of massive circles and squares. This is viewed as a strong attribute of both the ranchu and the sumo as they move with proportional harmony will graceful force.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on January 20, 2009.

Orange Cap Oranda GoldfishOranda goldfish are represented by Bruce. He is the longest recorded fancy oranda goldfish. He grew to a length of 40 cm. He was owned by Tung Hoi Aquarium Co. and directly owned by two brothers; Louis and Jackie Chan.

Bruce first took the record of the longest fancy goldfish on record in 2002.

This fish is not of the variety that will survive the winter ice surface crust if there is not enough oxygen. Some hardy varieties of fancy goldfish will, as well as common and wild varieties. But Oranda is no among them.

In the winter they need to be brought indoors: Although, they can live in an unheated aquarium.

It is important to note that most countries have made the sale of goldfish bowls illegal.

It has been discovered internationally that much like lawn darts, there bowls do more harm than good.

De oxygenation and ammonia nitrate poisoning almost always kills the fish and sends it into the next dimension suffering.

Of course this is a shock to adults and children who most likely viewed the creature as apet. Pets, we all know, are adopted family members.

When bringing and Oranda or any goldfish, or pond fish in for the winter remember that fish bowls are not an option. A tank with a filter is mandatory due to necessity.

Chromatophores are cells in goldfish that produce diverse pigment in different kinds of light. Using different kinds of light some colors of the fish will change. If you leave your oranda or other goldfish in the dark too long they will loose their interesting coloring and turn gray.

If you want grey oranda shaped goldfish that is your receipt. But the gray trait is not often as desired as the diverse coloring.

Oranda have a very interesting head, body, and fins that billow like tails on a kite rolling with the wave of the wind.

This similarity is not surprising since really fish do fly just like kites and birds it the current of water; the substance that they also breathe.

Their bodies look like strength power lifters, bulky round and strong.

The red cap variety look like they have hair on their head. They do not have hair, it just looks like a bowl cut.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on January 20, 2009.

Sarassa CometThe Comet is a sub set of goldfish. The comet is the most sought after general variety of goldfish in water gardens and ponds both outdoors and in.

Comets as well as all goldfish are descended from one version of the dark gray and brown carp. In all there are 300 varieties with the comet varieties being the most common.

Comet goldfish are part of the family Cyprinid.

A comets shape and often mostly one color of firie red to orange as well as having a single tail define them as a gold fish sub type.

It is said that the original comet variety was bred in the United States in the 1800s.

The fins of this variety of man made mutation are longer than that of the common gold fish. These fins are not the longest of all goldfish varieties that have been bred through mutation practices designed to create show fish of one ideal aesthetic, or another.

Comets tend to be more reddish than the commons that tend to be more orange. Due to this color lean it is easy to see why the more forked tail of the two man made varieties is the strain that produces the sarassa comet configuration.

The origin of the sarassa comet goldfish point of origin variety has more speculation. That means that it is hard to define when this variety and method for arriving at this artistic epiphany was first accomplished.

Comet goldfish come in metallic orange, metallic yellow, metallic red, calico and the a-fore-mentioned sarassa. The Sarassa are noted by there red or white cap mark on otherwise red or white body.

Some experts include calico the make up of the comet variety. This could be due to breeding the calico variety with these other comet varieties. A breeding that results in a variety of calico colored goldfish with the morphology of the comet variety.

Some people feel that the calico varieties were the result of man made mutations off of mutations that have been bred by mankind many generations apart from any comet stock. Or, that they were the result of mankind induced in-breeding that was more selective and complex than is visible in the immediate comet varieties.

As a result of reintroducing into the comet bloodline the strongly breed for calico coloring in other goldfish strains, sought after by man; the calico comet is possible according to some calico breeders.

Pond Comet goldfish are the main source of pond entertainment apart from the common wild variety goldfish.

Black Moor

Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on January 19, 2009.

Black Moor GoldfishBlack Moor goldfish are majestic figures that glide through the water.

The big round eyes and billowy tail signify a natural strength. Their ordinary look is eclectic, even eccentric to us.

In a water garden they stand out from the other shapes of gold fish.

These creatures add to the diversity of the water garden pond.

The fact that they only come in this color adds to this diversity. If an enthusiast wants this shape and special personality swimming in their water garden, they will have to be satisfied with the black coloring. Black Moor goldfish only come in black.

This black coloring can be a strong accent among the other vibrant coloring of all the fish in a water garden pond. The long body and minor globed eyes that symmetrically pop out to pepper the mobile goings on in the pond serve as accents.

Like a canvas that is set using textures, many enthusiasts pick and choose traits to decorate the ornateness of the look.

The tails of black moor are billowy. Although they are not as billowy as other gold fish, if the interchangeable heel that has the black moor in it has a tail that imitates this flowing grace, the heel will look even cooler.

The real black moor once upon a time had vein tails, in the English variety. But in the 1930s this mutation fell extinct falling back into contemporary again.

The tails of black moor are diverse still. The butterfly and ribbon variety still proliferate black moor populations world wide.

The opinionated fade is in favor of the double caudel fin with lobes that are forked and rounded; with all the other fins in perfect symmetry. The competitive prejudice states that the dorsal fin should be 1/3rd to 5/8th the length of the black moors body.

The black moor eyes telescope to the side. They are not as pronounced as the globed eyes of the globe eye gold fish. The telescoping of the celestial goldfish is angled upward distinguishing the black moor as the black gold fish with eyes that telescope to the sides.

Black moors have a hard time seeing food. If you are going to keep them outdoors, then do so with fish whom also have visual handicaps. This will insure that the food distribution is balanced among all the fish.

With these goldfish and other fancy goldfish such as celestial, and bubble eye choose aquatic plants that do not have abrupt leaf ends. This helps the fish from becoming injured.

These great creatures are the moving independent shadows of water gardens, both outdoor and indoor ponds across America and around the globe.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on January 19, 2009.

Traditional Shubunkin ImageThe traditional Shubunkin is the result of a longer goldfish breed line than those created in London.

Unlike the London breed they are not designed to be like common goldfish.

They are also not like the American Shubunkin that is designed to be very much like the comet goldfish.

Traditional Shubunkin were first created as a blood line in Japan of 1900. The creator was Mr. Akiyama.

These Carrasius auratus var (the scientific name) were the result of breeding fancy tail and globe eyes with a wild goldfish. Then selecting for the desired calico.

This would explain the heartiness of an inbred fancy fish. A smart move on the part of the breeder that knows that this type of breeding for abnormalities often produces weak genetically defective fish.

It would seem logical that before breeding for even further oddity through coupling parent fish with offspring fish; when they have the same visual trait that infusing a healthy quotient of genetic material back into the mix helps the mutation come about in a more healthy and humane manner.

For coloration variety in these fish, leaving them outdoors exposed to the sunlight is the best practice.

It has up to this point in history been harder to ship this blood line. So the resulting recreation of the breeding process occurred. This resulted in the American, Bristol, and London Shubunkin offerings.

In China these fish are called Chuwen-Chin. The Hong Kongian English term for these animals is Variegated Swallow Tail.


Posted in Articles, Goldfish, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on December 30, 2008.

Several different types of goldfish in water gardenGoldfish shimmer in the water garden or pond. The carassius auratus are the most popular fish. Their coloring can remain the same, or change as they grow.

Goldfish grow to fit the size of the tank they live in.

When they are properly cared for they will mix and mingle with the koi, gambusia affinis, and the lengthy ill fated plecostomus. A single goldfish will out live the temperature sensitive plecostomous generation after generation for many years to come.

There are ten basic varieties of goldfish that are used in water gardens and ponds around America.

These are: comet, shubukin, fantail, black moor, ryukin, oranda, lionhead, rachu, bubble eye, and pearlscale.

The most common of these in the taste of people tends to be the comet variety.

These ten have sub-varieties such as the red and calico variety of the fantail.

Of the varieties that make up the comet species the sarassa tend to pull in the eye of most water garden pet fish collectors.

Goldfish are great an attractive part of water gardens, and ponds as well as the indoor versions that imitate them within the cultured America.

Goldfish Varieties

Posted in Goldfish, Water Garden Books, Water Garden Fish by Administrator on December 30, 2008.

Aqualog: All Goldfish and Varieties is the foremost written authority of goldfish varieties. This hardcover book covers all of the 120 plus varieties of true goldfish and fancy goldfish varieties. Read about individual carassius auratus A.K.A “goldfish” varieties that adapt well to outdoor water garden or pond environments.

This book provides over 690 color pictures. This photos are the most vibrant pictures in print of this diverse and colorful water garden fish.

Each aqualog book is written to be a reference for each fish, and also include each breeding form.

The code numbering system in the book, keeps variants from being confused or over looked. This code system covers every known or newly discovered fish and is clear to reference local names in such a way as to not accidentally cover the same fish variety, or in this case, goldfish variety more than once.

All newly discovered species are published and send out as supplements. This self adhesive picture can be applied to the black pages intentionally attached to the back of your book in the initial book publishing.

This Goldfish and Fancy Goldfish book is 160 pages long to date. The publisher is Hollywood Import & Export, Inc.

Medi Koi medicated fish food

Posted in Accessories, Food by Administrator on December 18, 2008.

Medi-Koi is anti-bacterial and anti-fungal medicated fish food for Koi in your water garden.

This medication is needed by anyone caring for, or thinking of caring for Koi or other water garden decorative water garden fish.

All it takes is ten days of this enriched food to clear up any problems that your pond life is having.

When you use this product it is important to remember what it is designed for.

Medi Koi is designed to feed sick fish. These fish tend to swim close to the bottom of your water garden or fish pond.

Drop the pill in the water far away from any filters so that it reaches fish as this fish medicine dissolves in to smaller bits they can consume.

If you drop it near a filter the medicine will be filtered out of the water: Resulting in fish not benefiting.

This process takes ten days, so keep track of what you are doing. And stay on top of the medication schedule.

Medi-KoiTM, buy it in 1.25, 3 and 8 pound bags!

Painted Turtles

Posted in Articles, How To by Administrator on December 17, 2008.

painted turtle of the northeastPainted Turtles in the water garden can be a complex process. Following some easy to learn procedures makes this project worth while.

Introducing the painted turtle to the pond means that the pond needs to conform to a certain shape, size and depth.

This also means that the inner structure of the pond or water garden floor must have variations. Painted turtles in the Northeast are most active from May to October but will hibernate during winter. They require a foot or two of mud to survive a harsh northern winter. If you do not have (or want) a natural water garden pond with a mud bottom using an indoor fish tank to keep your painted turtles during winter can be nice. There is nothing more enjoyable than bringing nature in, to keep you conscious of the coming spring when your pond comes back alive!

The plants you will put back in the water garden after the shape of the garden has been changed is important, adult painted turtles eat vegetation so make sure your pond has an adequate amount of plants. You will also have to feed any hatchlings with store bought food if there is not an adequate amount of worms, beetles and other bugs in and around the water feature.

It is important to be sure there is enough vibrant vegetation to satisfy there hunger and numbers.

Turtles are also a bit messy. They leave food particles everywhere, and defecate in water as well.

Create a pipe drain that lets the water out into a rain garden that you construct in a descending way. This will filtrate that excess water back into the water table aqua way below where you live. Purchase the best filtration system for your pond with UV sterilization and particle containment/ removal.

The best time to make this transition to introducing painted and other turtles into your water garden is when you are repotting your plants anyway.

This way doing the landscaping necessary for the turtle readying is not going to disrupt the life of your pre-existing plants.

The back of the water garden needs to be steep: Nearly a sheer drop straight down.

This encourages the turtles to walk out of the pond in one direction when they are eventually introduced.

It is important to note that the plants in your garden will need to be in water pots self contained with the depth of the water garden is slowly increased as the first generation of turtles is introduced into the pond.

The bottom of the water garden needs to have several different levels as well as ledges init. This is so the turtles can rest at different spots under water as the temperature from the sun changes.
The main side of the water garden will need to have a gradual incline out of the water. The slant is for the turtles to able to easily and gradually walk to dry land.

The same barriers used to keep raccoons and other predators away from pond and water gardenfish need to be used to protect the turtles. The added thought that needs to go into this barrier planning is: Turtles also need to be kept in, so that they don’t just walk off.

These animals need a place to dry themselves in the heat of the sun each day and bask. Placing a branch big enough for turtles to climb out of the water In the middle of the pond is agood idea. Once the water garden pond has been gradually refilled, after the first generation of turtles mature, there will be a small island for the turtles to enjoy.

Heaters can be used to warm the water when it is colder outdoors but it is best to have deep enough mud and allow the painted turtles to hibernate. At 60 degrees a painted turtle will stop eating and get ready for winter, let them do what is natural or bring them in before the temps. drop.

Underwater pots are good for turtles since they add ledges at another level for turtles to enjoy.

Having turtles in the water garden is rewarding, and interesting to watch.

Water Garden Vacuums

Posted in Filters by Administrator on October 15, 2008.

Water garden vacuums make it possible for fish, and other aquatic visual delights to stay in view.

Water garden vacuums come in many sizes. The most common is the mini vac which has been replaced by more useful medium sized/ priced vacuums.

The model prices range from twenty-four dollars for a particular type of vacuum head; to a little less than six hundred dollars for a total water garden/ pond vacuuming system.

An example of a great water garden vacuum is the Pondvac 3 made for ponds, but perfect for small to large water gardens.

Larger top line models run on about 110 volts and can suck vertically up to 7 feet straight up. The average hose suction length is 16 feet; while the discharge hose length is 8 feet on average. For the smaller water garden a pond vacuum of this size/ price is not required.

A water garden is a living-breathing environment, full of vitality. All living things have a process of consumption, waste, fertilization.

Trees can drop an unnecessary amount of leaves into a water garden, algae can accumulate, and other types of foliage waste can grow turning a well-planed water garden into a bog, or at least a an unpleasant, murky eye sore in no time.

This invites diseases that can ruin your plants health, and cause them to compete with unsightly epiphyte species at random.

Being able to safely remove unsightly material from a water garden can protect the aesthetic, a gardener spent so much time potting, irrigating and reclamation to create.

A water garden vacuum is useful to anyone who takes this type of gardening seriously.

Removing unnecessary build up makes sure that there is no safe haven for mosquitoes.

Having other carnivorous plants can also reduce these kinds of bothersome pests.

A well balanced water garden pond is best managed with a good water garden vacuum.

Ultricularia Bladderwort

Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on October 10, 2008.

Bladderwort Fairies Aprons - ultricularia dichotomaUltricularia is commonly known as Bladderwart. This species of water garden plant is carnivorous. It is strikingly similar to intelligent plants described in one of Douglas Adams books in the Hitchhikers Guide… series.

Bladderwart actually come in 215 diversely aquatic varieties (( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bladderwort))

Ultricularia Vulgaris, the kind found in Europe.

– Swollen Bladderwort, or Ultricularia Inflata

– Ultricularia Minor a plant mostly natural to the Great Lakes and New England area. This plant is commonly referred to as the Lesser Bladderwort.

– Ultricularia Resupinata, is the Reverse Bladderwort. A plant the inspires funny things to laugh about in ones own thought life. This plant is native to the eastern United States. And would be ideal for water gardens in that region.

– The Purpurea, or Purple Bladderwort is an Ultricularia variety that lives waiting for small fish and insects to be trapped by it in the acidic waters in Minnesota including surrounding States and Provinces.

Not unlike the deceased authors hilariously imaginary if universally adolescent exaggeration: These plants do have bladders.

They grow well in water trough planters. Complete Guide to Water Garden Plants By Helen Nash, Steve Stroupe, Perry Slocam, Bob Romar – Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. ((http://www.sterlingpublishing.com/ )) And they are sensitive to touch. The fibers on the bladders trap other creatures for digestion.

There are many semi-aquatic varieties such as Fairies Aprons Ultricularia Dichotoma- that live on trickling water rock faces, among other places.

If you’ve ever fancied the idea of being a spy novel nemesis, these lovelies are kind of dark little secret best kept between you and your lovely water garden. Here’s to hoping the neighbors don’t loose a Frisbee in your subtly quiet water garden.

Solar Garden Fountain Kits

Posted in Accessories, Fountains by Administrator on August 26, 2008.

Solar garden fountain kits are available now that are powered only by the energy of the sun. Solar energy powers the pump,making the solar garden fountain kit an efficient accent to that desire for a tranquil place to think, relax, not think at all, or just nap in the serenity dispensed to your garden.

Find solar garden fountain kits!

Choose a fountain kit

Serenity is usually one of the great benefits of gardening. Among the adornments of decorating small bits of land is the garden fountain. Today creating a garden with a fountain has never been easier with the use of kits like this four tiered solar birdbath.

Talk about cute. Some of these fountains are as neat at the cutest kitten. One in particular is a navy blue ceramic and glass water jar. This jar that has the look of floating while the jars rim is an inverse nonagon forming a small lip. This lip pours water into one of three descending finger bowls that are also navy blue and angled in a descending curve or semi spiral to a larger fourth bowl sitting on the garden floor.

The vibrant color of this particular fountain stands out amidst the greenery like an oversized technicolor blue bell, that has the feel of floating like a bee while pouring water with the gravity it politely seems to visually defy serenely.

Some sections of a garden however, will not be suitable for a solar garden fountain due to the panel, which can be hidden, but this panel must have access to direct bright sunlight for the fountain to operate properly.

These solar garden fountains run their pumps on very low wattage however, the location of the panel is still going to make everything in the fountain run smoothly.

The ceramic cascading birdbath fountain by Smart Solar comes in blue and orange, operating in direct sunlight, powered by a separate solar panel (included), it comes with a multi-fixing panel holder, a low voltage water pump, filter and there are no operating costs, while 10 feet (5m) of cable to the solar panel allow for indoor or outdoor use; it ships at 26 pounds.

A solar garden fountain kit, with a preset solar fountain pump are hassle free, cost nothing to run; and they make people happy when they look into the beauty of the garden.

1900 GPH Pond Pump

Posted in Pumps by Administrator on April 29, 2008.

Little Giant 1900 GPH pond pump, is a submersible water garden pump that will pump up to a maximum height of 20 feet, for those taller waterfalls and artificial creeks bringing power to your environment and awe to your audience.

Although the water garden is an ancient feature of the desert oasis and the labyrinth palace retreats of kings and queens, the only way to build impressive water features back then was if a natural source of water was already available nearby, from higher ground, but with modern technology, the craziest, most magnificent works of art can now be achieved virtually anywhere at all in a self-circulating environment that takes care of itself.

Pumps like this one are exactly the kind of thing the water garden will need if it is to create something special and reminiscent of those days when it was a symbol of national status to have a 20 foot high cascading waterfall over the top of a garden entrance way, where visitors would see the elegant enchantments of what is next to come along the mystical journey through a meditative space, through a wall of tumbling water.

The crashing sound of a waterfall is good for the heart, lifting spirits and purifying the soul while at the same time oxygenating the water so fully, that fish will thrive and algae will find their task taking them to the farthest reaches of the pond where water is still and less oxygen is present.

Little Giant model WGP-65-PW pumps 1/8th flow, 1900 gallons of non-potable water per hour at 1 cord length 16, shutting off at 20 feet high, from two 1 ¼ MNPT x 1 barbed elbow adapters, the discharge cap is 1 ¼as well, while the whole pump itself is made from a corrosion resistant body of recycled plastics.

It is perfectly sealed, for submersible use, it has incredible starting torque and flow pressure for a magnetic pump of this size, it will simultaneously power two different water features at the same time from the dual discharge design and it can be used both horizontally or vertically as needed.

The Little Giant 1900 Pond Pump uses 115 Volts, at 60 Hertz, 2 Amps, 230 Watts, weighs 8.5 pounds, measures 8.1 x 6.35 x 9.6 and ships at 10 pounds.

This double service submersible pond pump from Little Giant deals out 1900 gph for up to two different water garden features going 20 feet high or one foot high 16 feet away, for the kind of power you need to make impressive waterfalls and rock creeks that blend into the landscape while oxygenating the water, for a healthier aquatic environment that makes sense of modern technology.

Savio Rock Lid Cover

Posted in Accessories by Administrator on April 28, 2008.

Savio Rock Lid Cover was designed to camouflage living pool filtration systems, skimmer filters and any other artificial water garden equipment that might look more natural with a lightweight artificial rock covering.

Most people when they are thinking about designing their first water garden, usually have the tendency to want to put all the equipment underground, but unfortunately, be it a pump a hose a pipe or a filter, putting things underground usually means digging them up every single time they need to be maintenanced.

Which is why Savio came out with a rock lid cover that is light enough to lift, but looks enough like a rock to blend in perfectly with the surrounding water garden environment.

Managing the pond filter, cleaning out constant debris and maintaining live filtration systems, can all be kept perfectly aesthetic without lots of heavy lifting, with a Savio rock lid cover, designed to make the healthy feature of your pond a lightweight and invisible one.

This Rock Lid Cover made by Savio in the USA ( fits #SS0000 Skimmerfilter ) is made of acrylic/fiberglass, one size fits all, providing that natural camouflage in the form of granite outcropping, measuring 24 x 28 x 20, shipping at 11pounds.

Aesthetic and lightweight, the savio rock lid cover keeps equipment in easy reach and well out of sight for a far more self-reliant way of taking care of ones meditative and most sacred of spaces, the water garden.

Water Lily Solar Light

Posted in Accessories by Administrator on April 22, 2008.

This floating water lily solar light is a three-piece set, with red, purple and yellow, bringing life to the pool or pond in the eight darkest hours of the day, without any additional electricity other than the gleaming sun.

Forget about replacing disposable AA batteries, floating water lily solar lights recharge on their own, everyday, as the sun comes out.

This floating water lilysolar light is a Tektrum Corporation product, each case comes with three units, one yellow, one red and one purple, each one with a separate leaf solar collector, providing night time illumination for up to eight hours after nightfall.

Charging during the day, it is waterproof, measures eight inches in diameter, comes with two built in rechargeable double AA batteries, built in LED and solar panel and no other energy is required, shipping at 6 pounds.

For an attractive effect in the pool or pond, a water lily solar light will enchant visitors and bring the realm of fantasy into your water garden, transforming the night, into an expression of artistic notion, in a more self-reliant, ecologically friendly and sustainable way.

Gold Fish Starter Kit

Posted in Kits by Administrator on April 15, 2008.

This Gold Fish Starter Kit is the perfect thing for a first or easy to handle freshwater pet, to enhance the home or office, for education, creativity and imagination, all in one.

Orange and gold are said to bring happiness and prosperity in mystical circles, and in business or at home, there is nothing more welcome.

With just the flicker of a golden tail, the goldfish inspired the imagination of the Chinese in the Tang Dynasty to dam carp ponds, and ever since, their most impressive genetic mutation has become an enchantment that is known worldwide.

We love our goldfish as children, we cherish their delicate grace and smooth features that twinkle like stars in a magical lake and they are hardy fish, easy to care for.

Available in orange or purple, this starter kit is the perfect thing for a goldfish, complete with everything you will need to keep your aquatic friend happy for decades, yes decades, a goldfish can live between 10 to 25 years if kept properly.

Central Garden & Pet is the kind of company that takes their clients needs to heart, with a staff that is commited to maintaining a culture in which people are treated with dignity and respect and the opportunity to fulfill their potential; products like this Gold Fish Starter Kit reflect that commitment.

This small desktop aquarium comes in two sizes 1.77 gallons and 2.65 gallons, including a plastic tank, food, internal filter, bowl conditioner, silk plant and even gravel, the only thing needed is fish, chlorine free water and regular maintenance to keep the water clean of algae and access residue build-up.

If your need is educational, or just for the free and relaxing movement of water in the office, this Gold Fish Starter Kit comes with everything you need, just add your fish and display, feeding them and cleaning the water is part of the fun.

The Evolution of Goldfish

Water Garden Barrel

Posted in Accessories by Administrator on March 31, 2008.

water garden barrel - rain barrels for water gardensTired of filling your water garden with chlorine from tap water or are you under water restriction because of drought? Why not collect rainwater from your rooftop with a water garden barrel? In the past rain barrels were used on family farms to collect graywater to clean clothes and nourish livestock, today with more modern rainwater collection systems you can use them to fill your water garden. This summer Aaron will offer several of his new creations for the collection, transfer and even filtration of free rain right here on water2garden.org!

Water Garden Barrel Testimonial

Goldfish pond with rain barrel in backgroundThis past weekend I installed my new rain barrel for my water garden. It couldn’t have been easier! The only tools I needed were a level, Channel Lock pliers, tin snips, a tubing cutter and a tape measure! Not only will it provide my small goldfish pond with fresh, chlorine-free water for water changes, but it looks really cool! It adds a charming accent to a very dull spot in my yard. I cannot say enough about Aaron, he is the definition of a true craftsman and more importantly, however, he is a good guy. So many times in business these days customers are treated with a less-than-helpful attitude. Aaron’s eagerness to provide his customers with a quality product that they are happy with and his willingness to go that extra step is something that is becoming a rarity these days. Very impressive!

I highly recommend these products for your rainwater collection needs. Now I just have to wait for some rain!

Mark Z.
Haddonfield, NJ

You can buy rain barrels at Aaron’s Rain Barrels, follow the image below and thank you!

rain barrels

HoMedics Indoor Fountains

Posted in Fountains by Administrator on March 27, 2008.

HoMedics Indoor Fountains are part of the Envirascape Collection, intended to improve the well-being and quality of life by manufacturing popular, commercial environmental relaxation products. HoMedics designs attractive low cost wall hanging and tabletop fountains (see them all and/or purchase below, thank you!).

For thousands of years humans have known the value of moving water in the home, to keep energies clean and serene and indoor fountains take those feelings of relaxation where they are most needed, into the lair.

Calming your surroundings, with cascading LED lights, the streams of flowing trickles of water help to induce relaxation, suitable for any décor, and fitting perfectly on top of any table, these fountains average about three pounds in weight.

These indoor fountains all throw indirect lighting, with several themes to choose from including: Rock Garden, River Bend, Silver Springs, Garden Leaves, Island Gardens, Slate Streams, Shimmering Towers, Eternal Rain, Florence, Gariposa, Grecian Gardens, Tuscany, Rustic Lantern Candle, Water Weave, Rock, Step Design, and Tranquil Tower.

Choose an Indoor Fountain below:

The latest trends in self-reliance link so very closely to the alternative realm of New Age meditation and oriental gardening, that companies with vision, offer products with vision and HoMedics Indoor Fountains from their Envirascape Collection, are exactly what the sustainable crowd has been looking for, relaxing the home from within.

Rolled Bamboo Fencing

Posted in Accessories by Administrator on March 24, 2008.

Rolled Bamboo Fencing in the water garden was probably originally introduced in the Japanese tea garden, and spread throughout the world as an easy, quick and aesthetically pleasing way to move the eyesight around an obstacle that does not belong in the surroundings.

Bamboo will bend in the wind, but when the wind stops, it will return to its original place, bamboo will grow in the direction of life-giving water and divine-light, thus making it one of the earths many lessons in humility, through simple observation, we can learn to be like bamboo.

Being a peaceful grass, yet solid like timber, bamboo will enhance the surroundings of a water garden immensely.

If used to hide the backyard shed, that extra room, or even the neighbors untimely backyard.

Encompassing your water garden in just the right places with easy to use, rolled bamboo fencing, will keep the suspense of disbelief alive while strolling through its magical realms of peace and spiritual rejuvenation.

Gardman rolled bamboo fencing model R637 is 13 x 5, is made of quality bamboo for screening, branded with galvanized wire for durability, it measures 58 x 6 x 12 when rolled and ships at 50 lbs.

Using rolled bamboo fencing to complete the path your audience is to take along the meditative spaces of your pond or water garden, can make for an aesthetically pleasing alternative to cement and mortar, while enhancing the surroundings with peace of mind and tranquility in a more self-reliant and sustainable frame of mind that makes sense, in any garden.

Frog Figurine

Posted in Accessories by Administrator on March 21, 2008.

What better way to enchant the water garden, than with a frog figurine, visually embarking the audience on a timeless tale of fairy princesses, wicked witches and that young handsome prince transformed into a frog?

When we think about the space in our water garden, we know that we are treading on magic and enchantment.

We also know that every single item placed around the water garden needs to be carefully picked to give off a specific emotional effect, and nothing brings that kind of emotional effect to life, like mushrooms and frogs.

Mushrooms are like towering tree forests to so many of the small and diverse creatures living around the garden, not to mention the perfect stool for frogs and butterfly ferries.

Frogs are our friends, they help steward the pond, we get to know them individually, and if there are frogs in your water garden, a figurine is a an excellent way to make the audience visually aware of the roles, different creatures in the garden each have in a remarkable web of life.

This mushroom scene frog figurine is made of 100% non-toxic poly resin and measures 8 ¾ x 7 ½ x 10 ¼.

Water gardens are aquatic environments that give life to a wide variety of plants, including mushrooms and frogs; enchanting the onlooker with a mushroom scene frog figurine that brings dreams to life and entices the human imagination into the lighthearted realm of fairytales and adventure, promoting well-being and health for a more sustainable way of life.

The Natural Water Garden

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on February 11, 2008.

The Natural Water Garden is a comprehensive and fresh how-to approach for constructing water features and the integrating them further into your landscape.

A book that comes with sustainable trends, a stormwater marsh created in Virginia is an excellent example of how to make the best use of a landscape to your favor when building your own watergarden and making sure that it has that natural look that is so essential to give that air of tranquil bliss and harmony.

Water gardens have been a part of civilization since the invention of the fountain, first harvested running water into our gardens for irrigation and drinking.

With technology, we can go beyond that, but how do we make sure that the water garden sits organically into the landscape? How do we make sure that placing it will fulfill our deep emotional connection between the earth and the water?

The Natural Water Garden will help you answer those questions, and still take you down the well treaded path of doing-it-yourself, the right way, the first time.

This 112-page paperback, with color photos and drawing, edited and published by Brooklyn Botanic Garden in December of 2001 for all regions measures 8.8 x 6 x 0.3 and ships at 7.8 ounces.

With extensive plant information on six regions of the US, basic water garden installing instructions and a catalog of plants and their role in the garden, The Natural Water Garden is a how-to manual with colored drawings and photos that will help you build a more balanced garden for a more environmentally friendly way of life.

The Earth Ponds Source Book

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on November 20, 2007.

The Earth Ponds Source Book: The Pond Owners Manual and Resource Guide for pond building and maintenance by the owner comes with advice/tips, up-to-date help-lists, commercial suppliers and some smaller projects as part of the bigger package.

Ecology goes a long way here, from legal issues, structural, pitfalls and information that can make all the difference between a costly mistake and a perfect water garden feature that resounds in harmony with Mother Nature.

For trying to decide on what size pump to use for irrigation, fire protection or just flooding your pond for winter, this book takes a professional approach that saves time and money on expensive redesigns or needless maintenance.

For those looking into the more garden oriented side of earth ponds, this book comes with complete information on goldfish pools, how to deal with weeds, algae and even innovative cleaning techniques such as using crayfish that were not covered in his first book.

This book was written as a companion to Tim Matsons best selling Earth Ponds: The Country Pond Makers Guide to Building, Maintenance and Resoration; the book that made him known as the Guru of Earth Pond Building.

This new book deals mostly with larger ponds, providing up-to-date lists of bibliographies and suppliers, as well as information on natural ice skating rinks, fishing, beach building, hydro power as well as pond-side structures, like gazebos and raft-decks.

A new addition to the Matson collection, Earth Ponds Sourcebook adds useful information on small water-lily and goldfish ponds as well as how to take care of unwanted wildlife like beavers in an environmentally friendly way.

This 171-page paperback, was written by Tim Matson, first published by Countryman Press in October of 1997, with black and white photographs, illustrations, measuring 10.1 x 8.1 x 0.5 and shipping at 15.5 ounces.

Earth Ponds Source Book is an introduction to everything you need to know about how to plan, build and maintenance your very own natural water garden pond in any open space, be it urban or rural for a more sustainable tomorrow, that really understands our connection to nature, in a spiritual way.

Indoor Water Garden

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on November 15, 2007.

Indoor Water Garden, the water garden handbook, is an introduction to understanding small pools, fountains, spouts, aquatic plants and even small fish that can be placed in an indoor setting to produce a healthy, meditative environment that provides a special transcendental experience, only flowing water can recreate.

The most sublime water gardens in Japan that have been sculpted since Buddhists first walked in the land of the gods, have always been particularly good at capturing that special transcendental moment in which the beholder is one with god in a kind of peak moment, and it is no different when we bring those same gardens indoors.

Indoor water gardens are a moment of the sublime.

James Joyce said of art, that if it moves us to possess it, or moves us to reject it, then it is not the sublime moment of epiphany, that sacred moment of awe, but when it is neither, just a moment in which we simply can admire the celestial creation of such a work of art, then it is indeed an epiphany, and indoor water gardens take us into that realm of the epiphany, beyond desire, beyond fear.

This book comes with simple step-by-step projects that the average home gardener can put together on his or her own, to fit any size room, from huge conservatory pools to small living room pot containers, the possibilities with indoor water gardens are as limitless as the human imagination, but the sparks of inspiration are as easy to catch as this quick glimpse through the eyes of a professional that has dedicated his life to water gardening, author Philip Swindells.

Pools, plants, aquariums, illuminated features, aquascapes, floating gardens, table top fountains, bubblers, tips on maintenance to keep your water garden looking pristine year round and all the facets of design to construction stages, including plans and materials.

This 64-page hardcover written by expert water garden professional Philip Swindells, was first published by Interpet Publishing in September of 2002, measuring 8.9 x 8.2 x 0.5 and shipping at 14.4 ounces.

For those looking to recreate the fascinating realm of a water garden in the comfort of their own home or any other indoor space, and in need of an introduction with fascinating ideas and how to do-it-yourself information, from a professional that knows the ropes, Indoor Water Garden is the perfect beginners handbook.

Indoor Water Garden, the water garden handbook by Philip Swindells gives you everything you need to know to build your very own indoor water garden, and a portal into the meditative realm of the divine experience.

Outdoor Water Features

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on November 7, 2007.

Outdoor Water Features is the perfect DIY starter manual for those who enjoy getting their hands a little wet and the excitement that running water can bring to an outdoor garden.

The serene experience that an outdoor space provides is proportional to the imagination used in forming the landscape to hold the artistic notion and even emotional aura of the individual who builds it.

Expressing one self, through the art of molding outdoor spaces is as ancient as the craft of gardening, and water has its own role, as the essence of our most inner selves.

Where we place a fountain, made from what materials, how we choose the placement of a pond or waterfall, or in what manner should aquatic plants be aligned with the margin of a pool; each and every allocation, will produce a subtle effect that tells more about the landscape artists most inner self than any psychologists divan.

With sixteen different projects, all well illustrated and photographed in step-by-step details, the variety of beginner projects gives the reader perspective into a range of garden experiences, just from flipping through the pages, not to mention after actually choosing and building one or more.

Alan and Gill Bridgewater are a team of professional DIY writers that bring to pages exactly what people want and what people need, right now, for a more self-reliant community.

By choosing projects that are accessible to the average homeowner, with a vital range of tastes, they open a range of possibilities for all their readers and a chance to feel the joys that come from doing-it-yourself, on something that anyone visiting your open space will be able to enjoy with you upon completion.

Water gardening is mostly about understanding ourselves, and if we start with basic hands-on projects, that are no-brainers, the end result is a transcendental experience that will not only reveal our inner being but also physically radiate our most inner beauty to the world, in a sentimental extension of our own souls.

This 128-page paperback written by Alan and Gill Bridgewater, published in January of 2001 by Storey, measures 10.9 x 8.4 x 0.4 and ships at 1.2 lbs.

Written for those looking to harness the experience of moving water in their own outdoor spaces, Outdoor Water Features is a basic do-it-yourself manual with 16 different projects to play with that will turn the novice into a professional, step-by-step, and after each experience, learn more about ones own self.

Sunset Series Water Gardens

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on July 25, 2007.

Sunset Series Water Gardens has detailed instruction and encyclopedic knowledge on how to build your own water garden from basic designs to the choice of plants used.

Create and maintain your own beautiful water garden, choose fish, install mechanics, lights, wiring, basic construction techniques, water features, water garden themes, stream, waterfall, fountains and an encyclopedia of plants all at your fingertips in 248 photos and 40 illustrations.

Susan Lang and T. Jeff Williams really get the imagination going with ideas for urban courtyards, decks, bogs, ponds, reflection pools and even historical water gardens from throughout the centuries that entice the human soul with other worlds and concepts transformed into realityby you, right in your own backyard.

The path to a more sustainable tomorrow, is not just gardening for the sake of composting, growing organic vegetables and doing-it-yourself, the path to a more sustainable tomorrow means taking in the notion of interconnectivity, that nothing is separate and that we are all one in the same planet, all co-dependant, water gardens remind of this fact in more than just one way.

Building your own water garden and maintaining it every day, is one way to remember how everything is interconnected, because when we build a water garden project, that project becomes a part of us and we have, through that project, learned to relate to the environment in a way that is totally different than our normal everyday lives in the city.

Even if we live out in the country, establishing a water garden can be a subtle way to see into other parts of the earths elegant ecosystem, reminding all those who look upon it, that they are not the only creatures in the Universe, and understanding others is one of the best ways of understanding ourselves, helping us to become whole and complete.

Edited by Sunset Books, Water Gardens is part of their How-To series and is a 192 page paperback that has been selling since at least 2004, it is one of their best sellers, measures 10.7 x 8.3 x 0.4 and weighs 1.3 lbs.

Sunset Series Water Gardens has all the need to know information for those thinking about doing-it-themselves with their very own water garden for the very first time, showing how people havedone this themselves in the past and those ideas that have shown most promise over time, with colorful photos and illustrations that tell as many stories as words alone.

Water Gardening In Containers

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on July 25, 2007.

Water Gardening In Containers: Small Ponds Indoors & Out combines the techniques of water gardening with container gardening to produce a modern how-to manual on this 5,000 year old Chinese technique that transcends both timeand space both metaphorically and philosophically.

Pots, urns, tubs; any container that you can make water tight and is hygienic enough to keep your aquarium garden thriving in a healthy manner, will be perfect for starting up your very first water garden in a container.

From the whole selection of water works like pumps, filters and tubing to fish, plants and bacteria, this quick-to-read DIYer gets in all the details to make sure your first indoor or outdoor water gardening in container project is a success.

From there, your imagination will flourish around the possibilities as you take your own creative steps in this versatile field, that could be as diverse as aquatic hanging baskets, dishes, goblets, window boxes or just half of an old whiskey barrel.

Color photos detail every page and speak louder than words themselves, filling the soul with ideas that radiate in abundance and flourish as you walk through your home just imagining what you feel like building.

Ever feel like making an English trough garden, a patio pond, a carnivorous bog garden, a lotus garden, a fountain sculpture or an aquatic topiary? All those ideas can be found here and are explained in detail.

This is a 128 page paperback written by Helen Nash and C. Greg Speichert and was first published by Sterling in June of 1999, measuring 10 x 8.5 x 0.4, it ships for only 1 pound.

Water Gardening In Containers: Small Ponds Indoors & Out is a great gift idea for anybody looking to blend the fascinating art of container gardening with water gardening into something unique, that they can make their very own.

The Ponder’s Bible

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on July 18, 2007.

The Ponders Bible by Gosta H. Lovegren is a small, easy read for those looking to take on their very first fishpond at home as an easy to do and cost effective water garden project requiring low maintenance.

49 illustrations, diagrams and photographs make this a useful reference manual; a quick read and a great way to hear quality advice from an expert who knows what first time water garden builders go up against.

Seeing the world from the angle of an outdoor aquarist can be technical, and this book hauls through all the tech-terms with a nicely paced, person-to-person suggestion voice that makes sense in a down to earth manner.

Upping the value of your property can be as easy as taking The Ponders Bible to heart and really following through with the authors suggestions, but without real passion and love for what you are doing, the insight and knowledge found here will surely be lost.

The Ponders Bible was written by Gosta H. Lovgren and is a 178 page paperback published by Carolelle Publishing in February of 2000 measuring 8.2 x 5.3 x 0.6 and ships at only 6.4 ounces.

The Ponders Bible teaches the novice fishpond builder exactly how to do it the first time in a short, straight forward tone that makes sense and will be sure to provide you with all the knowledge you need for a cost effective low maintenance water garden pond that looks great.

Complete Guide to Water Gardening

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on July 11, 2007.

Complete Guide to Water Gardening from The American Horticultural Society offers a basic perspective into the wide range of possible water gardening techniques you can use to build your very own water garden at home with the average home improvement skills.

If you have already taken on a home improvement project, and are fascinated with the idea of creating your very own water garden in the back or front yard for spiritual or aesthetic appreciation, Complete Guide to Water Gardening is an excellent way to go on your first water gardening experience.

With all the technical need-to-know provided in an easy to understand fashion, close-up pictures and how-to information that will make your first water garden an exciting and rewarding experience as each page turns and your first handmade sketches and plans start to litter the worktable of your shed.

Water Gardening is a way to look at the universe around our cities and see through what humans have done to this planet of ours. Mini ecosystems that thrive on their own once established; needing only the proper maintenance and upkeep, as would an indoor aquarium.

This book takes a look at the water garden much as an aquarist would look at their aquariums; as places where everything is regulated in a distinct array of life-forms that use each other in an almost yin-yang dynamic existence that allows you to get a feel for our world as a whole system where everything is codependent on everything else, inevitably all interconnected.

Complete Guide to Water Gardening is a 216 page hardcover was first published by DK ADULT in April of 1997, measuring 11.6 x 9.3 x 0.9 and ships at only 2.9 ounces total.

Complete Guide to Water Gardening from The American Horticulture Society was developed for those gardeners looking to dabble or dive into the realm of water gardens on their own for the very first time.

Plan, prepare, build and admire your very own water garden project with the Complete Guide to Water Gardening and the concept of interconnectivity will redefine itself for a new era of stewardship.

Rock and Water Plants

Posted in Water Garden Books, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on July 10, 2007.

Rock and Water Plants is a practical water gardening handbook that looks into the Zen-Buddhist art of gardening from the points of view of construction and planning; in areas such as rocky ponds, rocky pools, cascades, streams and wildlife pools.

Rock and Water Plants has the advantage of colorful photographs and illustrations that detail exactly what works in water gardening with rocks.

Making the rock an aesthetic addition to your water garden in a time honored Japanese fashion where the dry stone of Zen and the natural essence of water plants from Buddhism collide giving Rock and Water Plants an edge in this field; specializing in this one aspect of water gardening, this technique enchants all those who look upon your mini-ecosystem of philosophical concepts.

This 132 page paperback, written by Peter Robinson, was first published by Lorenzo Books in May of 2004 has over 300 color photographs, it measures 8.7 x 6.7 x 0.6 and ships at 13.4 ounces.

Rock and Water Plants is filled with colorful photos that detail many possibilities and a range of ideas that blend the dry, sterile rock of Zen, with the life giving forces of Buddhism into a Zen-Buddhist water garden your visitors will notice at once.

How to Build a Waterfall

Posted in How To by Administrator on May 6, 2007.

How to Build a Waterfall is a 105-minute video with 30 different chapters that take you through the process of building a pondless waterfall from scratch; perfect for the do-it-yourselfers from all walks of life.

How to Build a Waterfall has the most basic critical steps including location selection, visualization, and plumbing, placing rocks inside the house or outside and creating a natural look that is both aesthetically pleasing as well as sensible.

As informative for landscapers as it is to the novice, this kind of video has a user-friendly format that can be easily reviewed as many times as necessary, learning at your own pace.

Director/producer Bill Meakin helps you determine the best location for your waterfall, how to design for your unique site, create streams and stone working, all in DVD-Video for the US and Canada only.

Recorded and published by Over The Garden Wall LLC this region 1 video is rated as NR.

How to Build a Waterfall will teach you how to make a waterfall by scratch, where to put it and how to make it blend in with the surrounding scene to create the alluring and fantastically sensational effect of falling water, that brings out the peacefulness in all of us.

The Water Garden Specialist

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on May 6, 2007.

The Water Garden Specialist is an 80 page paperback published by New Holland in March of 2006, written by Alan and Gill Bridgewater; do-it-yourself professionals.

Detailing the essentials for designing, planting, improving, maintaining and building your own water garden with inspiration, The Water Garden Specialist measures 9.2 x 7 x 0.3 inches and ships at 5.6 ounces.

Lush pictures and illustrations that inspire the human imagination, this do-it-yourself guide to planning, oxygenation, filtration and construction takes its references from some of the most notable and famous water gardening cultures in history.

The Water Garden Specialist will give the do-it-yourselfer the inspiration necessary to bring the sensitive flow of water to his or her own garden sanctuary, reflecting thousands of years humans have molded natural perfection into art.

Small Water Garden Kit

Posted in Accessories, Kits, Pond Liners by Administrator on May 5, 2007.

This small water garden kit has all the items to build your own 165-gallon water garden feature, including fountain, power cord, liner and a handbook that explains all the details so you can do it yourself. Find Becket water garden kits here!

What better way to attract wildlife and clean thoughts to your home than a water feature that is soft, soul refreshing and can take your form the unsettling turmoils of civilization?

A small water garden kit is just the thing to build your dreams right in the comfort of your own yard, a meditative center that fills the environment with peace and tranquility; replenishing lost energies.

Measuring a total of 2 x 3 x 1, this small water garden kit comes with a 5 x 5 liner, 6 three prong outdoor safety cord, fountain head kit and a copy of the 32-page book from Bird Watchers Digest, Creating Your Water Garden.

The fountain head kit will pump up to 165 gallons of water per hour keeping the pond well aerated and in constant movement, eliminating mosquitoes; but birds will love it!

This small water garden kit is the perfect thing to add the taste of moving water to your front or backyard, enchanting everyone with birds that will come in search of clean water and peace of mind, from miles around.

Mag 12 Pump

Posted in Pumps by Administrator on March 21, 2007.

Mag 12 pump is all about sustainability for the pond owner, doing twice the work at half the energy consumption.

Taking care of our water gardens is something we do with passion, but the world is going through one of its most difficult moments at present and energy bills are skyrocketing as the months go by; sustainability means building around our passion in a way that will be easy on our consumption of electricity and still do the job we need done, right now.

Mag-12 Pump was developed with the sophistication of elite professional fish ponds, pumping up to 1200 gallons per hour and consuming less than half the energy consumption of traditional pumps that do the same job.

Using only half the power of a conventional pond pump of the same capacity, Mag 12 pump was designed for outdoor use, either external or submersed and comes with an 18 grounded extension cord and a three year limited manufacturers warranty.

Measuring 6.4″ x 4.5″ x 4.6″, weighing 10 pounds and shipping at 12 pounds, Mag 12 Pump keeps water moving through your pond with enough speed to keep the water crystal clear.

Watergardens always need powerful pumps that can shoot water higher, faster or through those mechanical, biological and chemical filters at a constant rate, keeping the water clean, and Mag 12 Pump makes sure that it costs 50% what a 1200gph pump would cost normally.

Mag 12 pump brings 1200gph and sustainability to your water garden in one package

Little Giant Water Pump

Posted in Pumps by Administrator on March 21, 2007.

Little Giant Water Pump is a submersible pump, made to take up as little space as possible, but shoot out a maximum amount of work; ideal for small ponds.

Water features in your pond might need just an extra punch; this 1/125 horsepower motor with 15 power cord pumps out 170 gallons per hour, is corrosion resistant and has no oil in the direct drive.

The epoxy-encapsulated motor with plastic housing and radial lip seal on the motor shaft, make this an underwater favorite that will hide nicely among your plants or rocks, while still delivering powerful waterworks features, such as fountain nozzles, pond ornaments, filters and even circulation for up to 170 gallons per hour.

While Little Giant Water Pump ships at only five pounds, the small size and accessible energy conservation, make it a an attractive item.

Using only 36W, Little Giant Water Pump is environmentally safe and will continuously operate with maximum energy efficiency, for a more sustainable world of tomorrow

Butterfly Gardens Pond Kit

Posted in Kits by Administrator on March 20, 2007.

This Butterfly Gardens Pond Kit by Sunterra is the perfect item for the novice, looking to do-it-themselves with all the basic supplies and equipment for your very first watergarden, all in one simple setup.

Butterfly Gardens Pond Kit comes with CD, booklet and instructions, that take you step by step through all the procedures of digging the hole, laying the liner, putting down rocks, putting in plants and fish; then it is as simple as plug and play!

This starter kit comes with a 400 gallon per hour submersible pump that uses 120 volts (2-year limited warranty) and a PVC liner that extends 8 feet by 10 feet (15-year limited warranty); those are the most important parts of the kit.

This water garden pond starter kit gets its identity from the decorative butterfly house, the cascade accent nozzle, the water bell accent nozzle and the sixinch ABS Riser; these give it the smooth sound of rippling cascades of water, that delve into the realm of infinite imaginations.

Other essentials include a female coupler, diverter valve, 24 nylon rope, design guide and CD-Rom/Video. The box measures 14 x 16 x 14, weighs 18.8 pounds and ships at 19 pounds total.

Sunterra knows what it means to be passionate for watergardens, but have little time to put in the study and research to develop your own garden from scratch, or even worse, hunting down all the parts, plants and fish without even a clue as to where to begin.

That is why Sunterra produces quality starter kits like this Butterfly Gardens Pond Kit; because in this way, more people can distill the subtle pleasures of this magical enchantment, as easily and comfortably as possible.

High-quality, rich craftsmanship, serenity and beauty both indoors and outdoors, Sunterra products will transform your home or environment into an inspiring and meaningful living space.

Butterfly Gardens Pond Kit was developed for the first-time watergarden enthusiast looking for an easy do-it-yourself, plug and play system that brings a lifestyle of inspired living to you and all those who visit your aquatic garden sanctuary.

Water Features for small gardens

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on March 5, 2007.

Water Features for small gardens is the perfect book for beginners looking to do it themselves with whats available and within any modest budget.

From concept to construction, Keith Davitt makes small water gardens something they should have always been, easy access to everyone interested.

This book takes a serious look at all different kinds of water gardens and takes to heart the budgets and spaces available to the average homeowner, knowing when to size up or down, almost to the centimeter.

Formal pools and fountains such, as the ones detailed in this heavily illustrated hardcover of 176 pages show expertly how cramped urban spaces such as tiny backyards and courtyards can be literally transformed into spiritualand uplifting places of openness that delve deep into our very souls.

Measuring 9.3 x 8 x 0.8 and shipping at 1.6 pounds, Water Features for Small Gardens reaches into a variety of discussions that are far from academic and more straight to the point; giving exactly what the reader has been looking for; expert advice about how the best water gardens fit into our civilization today, right now.

This is a book that gives life to our imagination and turns our dreams into reality, because it breaks water gardening down into essentials, that are at the same time easy to grasp and cost effective.

Natural, formal, informal pools, wall fountains, streams, waterfalls, tub gardens, bogs, raised in-ground formal fountains and how to do it yourself on a budget is right here in Keith Davitts Water Features for Small Gardens; a book that inspires

Koi Appreciation Book

Posted in Water Garden Books by Administrator on March 3, 2007.

Koi Appreciation is a beginners guide to understanding the fascinating world of koi, with 250 colored photos and basic information on the thirteen different varieties of koi.

Kate McGilly, the books author, is a leading koi judge and explains what to look for in color blending, form and quality among these exotic Japanese fish.

Koi Appreciation: The First Step also includes explanations of the Japanese terms used to identify the different varieties, lists of the different koi within each variety and an overview of the general appreciation points.

This book is hardcover, 128 pages, measuring 11.8 x 8.2 x 0.6 inches and weighs 1.65 pounds.

Colorful photos and expert advice make Koi Appreciation the perfect choice for those looking to get started on their very first Koi water garden.

Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants

Posted in Water Garden Books, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on March 1, 2007.

Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants is a comprehensive guide with elegant photos to the most common types of water garden plants used, giving anyone starting out a seven-year head start.

Hundreds of water garden plants, all perfectly organized by those areas that are most important to the most common varieties of water garden; marginal plants, floating plants, submerged plants and bog plants.

Water lilies and lotuses are also well detailed with over 700 color photos of the most common water garden plants; essential to picking and choosing correctly the first time.

The full spectrum of how-to water gardening in its most basic challenges, including pots, soils, fertilizers and plant care to avoid and treat diseases are all here within this hardcover of 388 pages published by Timber Press, Incorporated in English.

Measuring 11.3 x 8.8 x 1.2 inches and shipping at 3.68 pounds, Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants by Greg Speichert and Sue Speichert makes getting started with your own water garden easy.

Drawing off of seven years of experience, the authors of Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants have made your first experience a simple and easy one with over 700 color photos that are a snap to thumb through, making choosing and getting down to business all that much easier

Wooden Bridge

Posted in Accessories by Administrator on February 5, 2007.

This arched six-posted, 5 foot wooden bridge is the perfect addition to any home garden for its beauty as well as the representational meanings in traditional oriental gardens.

In traditional Chinese alchemy, wood is considered one of the sacred five elements.

Associated with the east, the planet Jupiter, strength, flexibility (like bamboo), warmth, generosity, co-operation, idealism, expansiveness, outgoing, socially conscious, in constant search for growth, the beginning of life, springtime, buds, sensuality and fecundity.

According to Chinese medicine, wood influences the liver, gallbladder and consequently, digestion, having lasting therapeutic force on emotions like rage and altruism.

In water gardens things made from wood are traditionally used to combat woods opposing emotional states, like anger and depression, wood is one of the regenerative elements of nature.

A wooden bridge in Japanese water gardens comes with all of these deep inner meanings, as well as the very fact that bridges are used as a path over something.

So if we lay sand or rock below the bridge, the meaning would be far different than if we streamed water, while a mix of these elements, would mean something else entirely.

This wooden bridge is easy to assemble; within one and a half to two hours and offers an excellent opportunity to covering streams of water and beds of sand or rock.

This wooden bridge supports up to 200 pounds and measures 58 ¾ x 26 ½ x 21 ½ , an excellent way to promote the sensation of strength and flexibility through the wooden arches and posts, that take the traveler from one state of being and onto another.

Splash Dance Fountains

Posted in Accessories, Fountains by Administrator on February 5, 2007.

Splash Dance Fountains were designed to provide professional water displays privately, right in the comfort of your own water garden.

Splashdance Lights and fountain blasts in different pre-programmed selections and music that can beat in rhythm with each other to create splendid water displays.

Splash Dance can be found in two different fountain heights, medium (3ft 4ft) and large (5ft 7ft), both of will provide the lucid nature of your watergarden to harvest strength. Checkout a video to better understand how to assemble these units.

Splash Dance is easy to install, the manual is self-explaining and easy to read, allowing you to install Splash Dance into your pond or water garden within only 30 minutes without any special tools.

Water fountain and light displays have been cherished by western civilization for hundreds of years, bringing the elusive nature of theater into the realm of a watergarden.

What was once only the enjoyment of royalty, protected behind their artificial Renaissance walls, lakes, labyrinth gardens, churches and castles, can now inspire the imagination of even the humblest of gardeners or entertain the fanciest of guests.

Complete egglite kit

Egg Lite Kit – Colorful nighttime lighting, place these compact units underwater or above water. Great for smaller water features.

Splash Dance Fountains brings choreographed lights, music and fountain dancing into a water display that will evoke the deepest and most mystical of emotions in all those who watch.


Posted in Articles by Administrator on January 15, 2007.

Water garden slime is more commonly referred to as green water algae and is nothing more than the very natural oxygenating organism called cyanobacteria.

Blue-green algae or brown or black, are all forms of cyanobacteria or what both the uninformed and common Joe alike, refer to as slime or smear algae.

Cyanobacteria is carried on the wind, and is natures way of oxygenizing anaerobic conditions in water, especially wherever high levels of organic wastes and nutrients have been dissolved.

As cyanobacteria is a very simple organism, it uses only photosynthesis to reproduce, and will easily inhabit any imaginable aquatic location be it, saltwater, freshwater, rock or even soil.

Some animals also use algae to their benefit either to produce energy or protect themselves in some way, such as a few endosymbiont species in protests, lichens or the sloth for example that grows cyanobacteria in its fur as a kind of camouflage.

Cyanobacteria can be unicellular or colonial and colonies form in three types, filaments, and sheets or hallow balls. Filamentous colonies can be vegetative, akinetes or heterocysts.

Heterocysts are thick-walled and contain enzyme nitrogenase, vital for nitrogen fixation and can fix nitrogen gas that cannot be used by plants, into ammonia (NH3), nitrates (NO2-) or nitrates (NO3-) which can be absorbed by plants and converted into protein and nucleic acids.

So why is such a useful oxygenator as aquarium slime or watergarden slime taken as dangerous or offensive to the delicate artificial environments?

Basically, aesthetics, but if given enough sunlight, algae can takeover, and throw the whole environment out of balance.

In a worse case scenario, some particular species of cyanobacteria can produce neurotoxins, cytotoxins, hepatotoxins and endotoxins, making them dangerous for mammals and other animals, including us humans (not a good idea to drink algae water without testing).

Although our species still has yet to understand cyanobacteria completely (preventing us from accurately assessing risks) according to some sources (see links below) several cases of human poisoning have been documented from either drinking water or recreational pond water.

In the case of aquarium algae, depending on if the aquarium is saltwater or freshwater, usually merely a change of the water or a partial change of the water is in order, but as saltwater aquariums are difficult to clean out, the best things are slime sumps.

Thriving slime slumps can even be a ready solution to freshwater aquarium slime as well as saltwater aquarium slime, but rerouting that kind of water to a biological filter filled with bioballs and other slime forming surfaces, just may not be the kind of energy efficient solution most freshwater aquarists are looking for (unless they have sustainable energy sources like a solar pump).

Watergarden slime is just as necessary as aquarium slime, but in a watergarden, algae is a must, especially when there is a serious lack of oxygenation.

60% of the oxygen produced in ponds is from cyanobacteria alone.

In Asian rice patty fields, where 75% of the worlds population gets its food, healthy nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria populations keep the balance in paddy waters to produce year after year.

Cyanobacteria is important to keep the whole biological ecosystem thriving in a pond or watergarden as it eliminates bad news gases that plants cannot digest well.

Chemical removal is possible, but will eliminate all bacteria in the water and should be used sparingly, 200mg of erythromycin phosphate per 10 gallons of water should do it, but not recommended before physical scraping and cleansing of all rock, glass, gravel and plastic plant/ornaments have been done, including vacuuming substrate.

Regular cleaning and regular water changes are sure to keep green slime away the best, much better than chemical removal, but once again, in the cases of watergarden slime and saltwater aquarium slime, regular removal is not an option due to the time necessary to balance the aquatic environment, so best to do it correctly only once (before building any delicate environments).

In any closed aquatic environment, cyanobacteria; aquarium slime or watergarden slime is sure to be found, especially if fish and plants are present and the dirtier the water and the more sun, the more green water algae can bloom.

Water garden slime is a natural gas processing organism that breaths life intoNeptunes most sacred sanctums; these temples of underwater splendor.

Related Links:
Cyanobacteria, their toxins and health risks.

Your Basic Water Garden DVD

Posted in How To by Administrator on November 29, 2006.

Your Basic Water Garden DVD is a step by step 22 minute long introduction on how to build your very own custom designed water garden.

This Water Garden DVD comes with all the basics for building a custom-designed water garden right in the comfort of your own backyard.

Every little detail from marking the pond, to laying the last stone, sharing the secret knowledge you need to do-it-yourself.

Your Basic Water Garden DVD even comes with its own reference guide that even includes landscaping tips.

With digital sound, letterboxed, NTSC, color and in AC-3 format, Your Basic Water Garden DVD is region 1 (US and Canada only), a single disc.

A basic step-by-step introduction to building the water garden of your dreams, Your Basic Water Garden DVD has everything in a simple easy 22 minutes.

Calming Water Garden Fountain

Posted in Fountains by Administrator on November 26, 2006.

Calming Water Garden Fountain was developed to be aesthetically pleasing both indoors as well as outdoors.

Made of stainless steel reflecting globe on a slate pillar, Calming Water Garden Fountain runs off of 110 volts of electricity for optional use indoors.

Calming Water Garden Fountain is made from 310 stainless steel, comes with an Infinity Magnetic Drive Electric Pump with a fifteen-foot power cable.

That Natural Slate Pillar has a variety of colors, in order to be able to blend well with any landscaping effect that a claming water garden fountain will achieve.

Calming Water Garden Fountain weighs only 77 pounds, and transmits the relaxing sound of healing benefits with oasis like peace, calm and tranquility.

Falling into a home or garden with these artistic pieces of pebbles and real slate, make Calming Water Garden Fountain a trend in decorating ideas.

At 32 and a half inches high, 14 inches wide and 14 inches deep and instruction manual, Calming Water Garden Fountain models a wide range of stylistic influences in synch with todays fashion.

Calming Water Garden Fountain is the perfect addition to any peaceful area in or outside of the store.

How To Build Your Own Water Garden Video

Posted in How To by Administrator on November 26, 2006.

Looking for a How to build a water garden video? How To Build Your Own Water Garden directed by Little Giant, brings both entertainment and information into one useful 20 minuteVHS tape.

How To Build Your Own Water Garden takes the viewer step by step through the creation process that initiates the first drawings and notes that later transforms into a beautiful water garden.

Choosing your pond site, size, excavation liners, edging, filtering plants, certain fish forcertain habitats and temperatures, water treatment, waterfalls, lighting, general pond maintenance accessories and even a quick-reference guide that makes quick work of calculation varies depending on the size of the pond and water volume.

How to build a water garden video or How To Build Your Own Water Garden is both entertaining and instructive, perfect for the beginner.

Floating Pond De-icer

Posted in De-Icers by Administrator on November 21, 2006.

Floating Pond De-Icer by Allied Precision Industries is an excellent alternative to keep a pond alive during the harshest blizzards of winter cold, sleet, hail, snow and rain.

Floating Pond De-Icer is not merely a water heater, rather the contrary is true, as it was never intended to keep the water at a certain temperature, but rather to merely maintain the icecap of a pond from freezing over completely.

Trapping decomposing debris inside a ponds icecap would produce noxious gases, floating pond de-icer keeps the pond surface from freezing completely over, maintaining a small hole opening that allow for a healthy exchange of gases, including much needed oxygen.

Automatically controlled shut-off, Floating Pond De-Icer has a thermostat that regulates the de-icing process.

A Styrofoam float is completely enclosed within a rugged plastic housing, and an extension cord exits the top of the unit for added stability.

Floating Pond De-Icer is a patented item and there are two models available.

Model number #P7521 is 1500 watts, will run off of 120 volts and comes with a 15 foot cord for use in outdoor ponds of up to 600 gallons or more.

Model number #P7621 is 1000 watts, runs off of 120 volts and also comes with a 15 foot electrical cord for use in medium to large sized ponds between 50 to 600 gallons.

Floating Pond De-Icer will conserve the pond habitat as well as the electric bill with a thermostat regulation system that knows when to turn itself off and when to go back on again, keeping the brutal side effects of winter at a distance from the sensitive environment held within a garden pond during Jack Frosts seasonal reign.

Pondmaster Utility Pump

Posted in Pumps by Administrator on November 2, 2006.

A Pondmaster Utility Pump could be just the thing for getting the watergarden ready for this coming winter.

Pondmaster Utility Pump come in all sizes and contain epoxy instead of oil to prevent leakage into the pond, keeping fish and plants safe from pollution.

With a centrifugal pump designed to take on the harsh conditions found in ponds, utility pumps made by Pondmaster, such as the Mag-Drive Utility Pump have no seals to wear out, can be submerged or placed in-line as needed.

Placing the pump at lower than water level is the way to get water flowing, but once there is water going through it, even in-line, it will easily carry the amount of water necessary for the required job.

Winter can be devastating to some kinds of more sensitive fish, and if the pond in question doesnt have a heating mechanism, then draining now rather than after the first frost could make the difference between life and death for the fish.

Spending a season indoors is much more healthy than freezing outside, but as long as there is constant water flow and the temperature is maintained at adequate levels, the fish should survive.

Pondmaster Utility Pumps just might be the answer for all seasonal purposes, as they have no seals to break, all electrical components are surrounded by epoxy and about half the energy is used to drive the Mag-Drive Utility pumps than is used in the traditional motor driven pumps of equal size.

Saltwater or freshwater aquariums, ponds, watergardens, inside or outside, Pondmaster Utility Pump even comes with a quickly and easily cleansed, reusable replacement filter.

Pondmaster Utility Pumps are magnetically driven for all outdoor applications, are sturdy and made to last.

Pondmaster Utility Pump will make a difference this winter and maintain the perfect balance for your watergardens survival.

Dragonfly Water Garden

Posted in Articles by Administrator on September 16, 2006.

Building your own dragonfly water garden can be easy and fun. A dragonfly watergarden can be any size from as small as a backyard garden with a barrel for the pond to as large as a 20 foot diameter pond in the middle of the Big Apple.

Food, water, shelter and sun are the main components of any successful dragonfly water garden. The key is to always go for beauty and balance.

  1. Dragonfly Food: Strictly carnivores, dragonflies will eat insects, larvae, tadpoles and even small fish while still nymphs, especially mosquito eggs (one of their favorites). Adult dragonflies on the other hand, can eat some 50 mosquitoes in a day while flying around.
  2. Dragonfly Water: Balance, dragonflies demand that the water be healthy and breathable for them, as they need oxygen to breath. Dragonflies spend most of their lives in water as nymphs and it is breathing in water that pushes them forward, while exhaling out the back propels them even faster in that same direction.
  3. Dragonfly Shelter: Plants do the job of providing shelter from curious predators outside the pond such as cats and children. Meanwhile, aquatic plants need to have a certain environment to survive readily and in abundance as well, providing perches for mating adults and incubatorsfor dragonfly eggs and maintain the delicate balance of a dragonfly water garden. Plants are used, as incubators by some of the prehistoric species of dragonflies that are endangered, yet still exist. Modern species of dragonflies can lay eggs directly in the water, making their probabilities of survival much better.
  4. Dragonfly Sun: The sun is the basis of all life on earth. To dragonflies, the sun means life, energy and survival of their habitat. The sun is life to plants being used as a shelter such as any of the many species of waterlillies that provide shade and impede the super-population of algae through heavy shade. Plants are incubators and landing pads for mating dragonflies, as well as life to the adult dragonflies whom without the suns heat would not be able to fly or hunt. For the purpose charging their batteries to hunt, a nice white flat rock does a great deal for Dragonflies charging their solar cells.

The well-kept dragonfly water garden is a natural mosquito trap as dragonflies are carnivores and rely on smaller insects such as mosquitoes for food.

In nature, open ponds and watersheds all have something in common; balance. A well-balanced dragonfly water garden is rich in gas exchanges between plants and nymphs as well as other inhabitants that might dwell in the pond such as frogs or smaller fish.

Larger fish can prey on nymphs and larvae, therefore, being undesirable in a dragonfly pond, unless they are substantially smaller than the nymphs themselves, in which case they are an ideal food source for the dragonfly.

To get a good balance in nature, a pond usually has a constant intake from the mountains or regular water runoff, from some large rainwater catchments system like a giant field and a major water outlet, like a stream going toward the ocean.

Too much movement is a river and too little is still water, neither ideal for a natural dragonfly habitat, the main reason for healthy water is because, still water pollutes too easily and too much algae will steal all the oxygen in the pond, suffocating the nymphs.

Dragonflies need clean and unpolluted water for their habitats. The pond itself is more of a breeding ground for the adult dragonflies rather than a hunting ground and more of a living space for young nymphs, who have not yet moulted to receive their adult wings and are still aquatic.

Creating the ideal conditions for a dragonfly friendly water garden is actually rather simple.

Make sure the water has a balance of midday sunlight in most spots and a good dose of shade, such as water lilies, to inhibit algae growth. The ideal ratio has been said to be around 70% direct sunlight and 30 percent covered with natural shading like the water lilies.

One of the best places for a dragonfly water gardenis wherever there is a lot of food available for them. Both for the ongoing survival of the dragonfly adults as well as for their nymphs and larvae, water gardens that follow the basic precepts to careful dragonfly habitat creation, should see rewards within the year.

Surrounded by the local breeds of garden plants and insects, especially untouched local vegetations of the region.

Just laying down a hole in the ground on a slope or near a rainwater runoff, just might be one of the best solutions as long as there is still enough attention paid for the hows and whys of pond building.

Fish and bug zappers are both natural predators of dragonflies and nymphs so it is natural that you avoid putting fish in your dragonfly water garden, or zappers nearby.

Deep water plants, semi aquatic and submersed aquatic plants are all welcome to compete with algae for oxygen and nutrients it is all about a sustainable balance that is your freshwater water garden.

Just remember, to dig deep in the center, toss in a pond liner that doesnt leak, lots of plants to hide in and your local dragonflies will find it

A well balanced dragonfly water garden you will surly include food (prey), water (living stage as nymphs, shelter (aquatic plants) and sunlight to recharge their solar batteries in a way that makes you feel good about yourself and those around you.

Pond Shield

Posted in Pond Liners by Administrator on September 14, 2006.

Pond Shield is a safe and efficient alternative to a conventional pond liner. An easily applicable non-toxic epoxy liner system that can be sprayed or painted on, as needed, Pond Shield is an excellent investment for a healthy pond environment.

Pond Shield was designed specifically for the pond industry and gets rid of the old problem of folds in the rubber liner and makes cleaning as easy as a swimming pool if you so desire.

Made as a substitute for the traditional rubber pond liner, Pond Shield can be used to repair your own freshwater garden or pond, without needing to fill in cracks, fix the leaks or even find tears for example, Pond Shield is an incredible do it yourself item.

Once hardened, it is like a layer of acrylic, Pond Shield can be painted on like a normal layer of paint, or sprayed on with an industrial sprayer of at least 3000 psi, due to the thick nature of the epoxy itself.

For this reason, if doing spraying, the spaying equipment must be kept clean of the epoxy while anywhere near the curing time (outside of one hour) with acetone or MEK (methyl ethyl keytone).

Thining can be done with a maximum of 10% isopropanol (isopropyl), more than that will destroy the efficiency.

Easily adhesive to a variety of different pond surfaces, such as cement, concrete, gunnite, shotcrete, cinder block, brick, stone, tile, wood, fiberglass, steel and aluminum Pond Shield will stick just about anywhere.

Pond Shield has been tested for flexibility as well as strength from as low as -78° F, all the way up to 140° F and specifically designed to adhere to abraded or porous materials.

The tensile bond strength in Pond Shield is superior to that of the internal strength in solid concrete, acting as a stretchable skin that will not break under the strain of time.

Any existing water features in a watergarden that are in need of repair or quick coating will find Pond Shield was built specifically to make sure this kind of problem, is dealt with once and for all.

A few tips go into doing it yourself with Pond Shield, for example; cleanliness, application surface, chemical properties and time to dry properly. Following those simple rules, it is a snap to apply Pond Shield yourself.

Hairline cracks for example, over time, will try to create a similar crack in other traditional epoxies, not the case with Pond Shield, which has an elastic nature, even after hardening completely, and will resist this mimic effect by stretching elastically.

If mimicking hairline cracks is sure to be a future problem, using a layer of fiberglass matting or tape for filler while mixing with the colloidal silica of micro fibers, before application can fix this problem securely.

No matter if the feature you are working on is a koi pond, waterfall, fountain, or the water base of your watergarden itself, non-hazardous materials such as Pond Shield make sure your fish and plants get the very best at a price that is affordable, and usually in no more than only a single coat.

Pond Shield is perfect for getting rid of that hard to work with rubber liner once in for all and getting into small spaces easily while still making sure your pond is leakproof.

Savio Compact Skimmerfilter

Posted in Filters, Pumps by Administrator on August 11, 2006.

For ponds up to 700 gallons, Savio Compact Skimmerfilter is an excellent surface skimmer and filtration system, blending four different products for cleaner water.

Savio Compact Skimmerfilter will even perform well in ponds up to a maximum of 2,500 gallons.

Any size however above 700 gallons reduces its overall performance to that of merely an efficient surface skimmer, removing large debris such as leaves and flowers.

The real performance of this highly compact skimmerfilter by Savio is the practical design of four filtration systems in one that blend inlet skimming action, mechanical filtration, biological filtration and UV filtration with a perfectly concealable outer shell.

Savio Compact Skimmerfilters design for smaller ponds and water features allows for an optimal water quality while concealing unsavory pumps, hoses, filters and still offering the lowest possible maintenance.

Surface skimmers on the whole need to be emptied manually, which is simple with Savio Compact Skimmerfilter.

Just lift the well concealed lid near the ponds edge where it is aesthetically buried and remove the basket contents into your garden or compost pile, and wa-lá, the skimmer is ready for more debris.

Savio Compact Skimmerfilter is perfect for your smaller pond or water garden needs, up to 700 gallons total, when full, leaving the surface constantly clean and the water crystal clear.

Find other products by Savio!

Savio Engineering, Inc.
505 Marquette Avenue
NW, Suite 810
Albuquerque, NM 87102 USA
Phone: 505-217-2854

Pondmaster Submersible Filters

Posted in Filters by Administrator on August 11, 2006.

Pondmaster Submersible Filters are designed for any kind of water garden or pond that you might have to be easily buried and well concealed while still leaving the water crystal clear.

As a focused product with an eye on perfection, these submersible filtration systems are a three in one package, with mechanical filtration, biological filtration and chemical filtration, all well hidden from the aquascape.

These special submersible filters by Pondmaster come in a variety of sizes that will fit the smallest tub gardens such as the 1000 series, which is 12 inches by 12 inches and suitable for up to medium sized ponds.

Pondmaster Submersible Filters have a range of filter sizes available for the different sizes of ponds.

This range includes ponds from small to medium, medium to large, 1500 gallons to 2000, 2000 to 3000 and 3000 to 4000.

These submersible pond filters all come with standard equipment, including tubing and fittings, carbon and polyester media for the different filtration systems, locking handles and a guarantee that is durability and quality.

Pondmaster submersible filters are excellent for keeping the water of your watergarden or pond a masterpiece and the ideal work of living art, with constantly running crystal clear water.

Danner Mfg., Inc
160 Oval Drive Islandia, NY 11749-1489
Phone: (631) 234-5261

Atlantic Filterfalls

Posted in Accessories, Filters, Fountains by Administrator on August 9, 2006.

Atlantic Filterfalls are waterfall biofilters that aerate and filter water, leaving it healthy and crystal clear.

Atlantic Filterfalls use a pump to push water through, up and out into a swirling waterfall action that not merely pumps but aerates as well.

A pond skimmer is recommended as a previous stage to these excellent biofilters.

The larger spillways allow for a natural aeration and the open swirl chamber allows water to flow evenly and efficiently through three separate filtering actions including mechanical foam and a biological media bag.

Made by Atlantic Water Gardens, this special waterfall biofilter comes with media bags, removable grate and filter pad.

Atlantic Filterfalls come in a variety of sizes from the smallest model BF1000 that has a spillway of 14 inches and will filter some 3,000 gallons per hour to the largest model the BF3000 that has a spillway of 48 inches and filters 12,000 gallons per hour.

Easily assembled at home, the Atlantic Filterfalls kit installs perfectly and blends well with your watergarden, while making sure that your pond stays crystal clear.

Find other filterfalls by Atlantic!

Atlantic Water Gardens
4494 Orchard St.
Mantua OH 44255
Phone: 877-80-PONDS (7-6637)

Pondmaster Pressurized Filters

Posted in Filters by Administrator on August 9, 2006.

Pondmaster pressurized filters are both biological filters as well as Ultra-Violet filters, designed to eliminate green water once and for all, and conserve as much waste water as possible.

The biological media surrounds a special agitation mechanism that is manually rotated back and forth in an agitating motion while expulsing unwanted debris in the backwash and then rinse cycles.

Protected by the agitation mechanism, is the UV bulb which can be bought in different watts, depending on how effective it needs to be. The UV filter helps eliminate that unwanted microscopic green coloring in the water as well as chlorine and other minor pollutants.

The biological filter will reduce debris on a microscopic level, making the water breathable again for fish and plants, and a magnetic pump can be used to pressurize the chamber, with large amounts of water, thereby further accelerating the process of breakdown.

The unique agitator design is used for expulsing excess debris inside the filter, and can be operated manually be just pulling a lever back and forth while running the backwash cycle.

The final rinse cycle is just the same as the backwash cycle, but allows clean water into the pressurized chamber and saves a lot more water than usual.

Pondmaster pressurized filters certainly do the trick of eliminating that green color and save both water as well as large projects of emptying the pond or water garden, twice a year.

Pondmaster pressurized filters need little maintenance, are available with or without the UV bulbs and can do twice the job with only half the size.

Danner Mfg., Inc
160 Oval Drive Islandia, NY 11749-1489
Phone: (631) 234-5261

Tetra Pressure Filters

Posted in Filters by Administrator on August 6, 2006.

Tetra Pressure Filters are the perfect thing for those looking to take care of very sensitive fish through optimal mechanical and biological filtration in water garden ponds.

Tetra Pressure Filters come in three sizes:

Tetra PRF 1500 – For a maximum pond size of 1500 gallon, has a maximun flow rate of 750 gallon per hour.
Tetra PRF 2500 – For a maximum pond size of 2500 gallon, has a maximun flow rate of 1250 gallon per hour.
Tetra PRF 4000 – For a maximum pond size of 4000 gallon, has a maximun flow rate of 2000 gallon per hour.

Pressure Filters made by Tetra have a small advantage over common mechanical or ordinary biological filters and that advantage is summed up in one word, pressure.

With a pressure filter, it is possible to pump larger quantities of pond water into a smaller space, and clean out more efficiently with a special backwash cycle that breaks up that evil build up of crud that makes a good pump useless.

Tetra pressure filters have two main stages of filtration; the first involves a mechanical filter for larger debris in the form of sponges (the water is forced through at high pressure).

The second stage involves bio-rings, of material that an provide excellent environment for beneficial aerobic bacteria that cut down on microscopic wastes on an invisible level, ensuring that your pond keeps that water crystal clear.

Tetra pressure filters do twice the job with only half the size and can be cleaned with an easy to use backwash cycle that makes for no scrubbing or heavy elbow grease.

Savio Skimmerfilter

Posted in Filters by Administrator on July 29, 2006.

Savio Skimmerfilter is an advanced pond filtration system designed by Savio Engineering, and is a unique product with superior equipment, materials and precision manufacturing.

With low energy consumption the Savio Skimmerfilter integrates four processes.

  1. Skimming action
  2. Macro filtration
  3. UV filtration
  4. Biofiltration

With a pump system integrated into the filter itself, it sits at the water surface, pulling debris into the macro filter debris basket on top, acting as a net would to remove large debris from the pond surface.

Larger debris can be easily removed from the filter by opening a concealed lid and emptying the macro filter basket into your compost pile or directly on the garden as needed.

The skimmerfilter not only skims large debris from the pond surface, as it also removes pollution and chlorine from the water with a UV filter. Microscopic debris is then removed with a biofilter. In the end, the water is returned to the pond crystal clean, both on a large and microscopic scale.

Savio Skimmerfilters® sets new standards for the pond filter industry, ensuring low maintenance and healthier ponds with living ecosystems that create a dynamic relationship between nature and technology.

Company Information:
Savio Engineering, Inc.
505 Marquette Avenue
NW, Suite 810
Albuquerque, NM 87102 USA
Phone: 505-217-2854

Fishmate Filters

Posted in Filters by Administrator on July 28, 2006.

Fishmate Filters made by Pet Mate Ltd in London, England are distributed to more than 30 countries around the world including North America.

Fishmate Filters in the USA are distributed by Ani Mate Inc. in Houston, Texas and offer one of the most complete ranges of pond filters for up to 6,000 gallons or 30,000 liters.

These gravity fed pressurised pond filters all feature three stage mechanical filters as well as biological filtration systems with innovative designs such as the special Fish Mate UV.

Used in series with Fishmate biofilters the water is sure to be purified, crystal clear with only the minimal maintenance of cleaning the mechanical filtration systems.

Three qualities best sum up Fishmate filters; easy maintenance, high efficiency and blending in with natural surrounding of the pond

Aquabead BIOTEK Filters

Posted in Filters by Administrator on July 25, 2006.

Grand Champion Technologies Aquabead biological bead filters are custom built to suit exactly the needs of your pond.

Aquabead custom builds bead filters for common uses in the common pond sizes such as medium to large and large to professional, at prices that are competitive among professional koi keepers.

Aquabead is focused on koi and their many products all maintain that focus which is inspired by a passion for this ancient Japanese Art.

For those looking to buy a costume built design for better pond keeping between 1,500 and 20,000 gallons, Aquabead offers excellent bead filters with a lifetime warranty such as the BIOTEK series.

BIOTEK filters come in five different sizes as well. BioTek 1.25 is the smallest for 1,500 gallon ponds and costs 595 U$.

BIOTEK 1.75 is for ponds up to 2500 gallons costing $795.00, BIOTEK 2.50 is for ponds up to 5000 gallons, costing some $995.00, BIOTEK 4.0 is for ponds up to 10,000 gallons cost $1195.00 while BIOTEK 6.0 is for ponds up to 20,000 gallons and costs only $1495.00 (definitely worth the price)

BioTek Watergarden Series, Mashimizu (Pure Water) System, Medusa, Media BioGems, AlphaBio1, Pumps Artesian, WunderFlo, UV Lights Zapp Pure, Heaters ThermaKoi, PreFilters AquaSieve and Vortek SS are the most important products made by Grand Champion Technologies and sold atAquaBead.com.

Macarthur Watergardens for example custom builds purification filtration systems that include biological bead filtration technology along with other assortments to meet the specific needs of that owners pond.

The Medusa Mashimizu custom filter for example was designed by Macarthur for one single koi pond customer and blends different AquaBead technologies for removing larger particles in larger ponds.

Mashimizu (Pure Water) System was designed in highly aesthetically pleasing sump compilation to suit both the artistic and practical needs of the careful professional worried about healthy koi.

For serious Koi keeping professionals, one of the name brands in the US is Aquabead with its main brands ranging from as low as $1,200.00 to $3,000.00 dollars taking care of as little as 2,500 gallons to as much as 25,000 gallons of professional koi pond filtration.

From pond owners that do-it-themselves to professional koi keepers, finding a biological bead filtration system in the US can be cheap and efficient as long as the brand name is one that can be trusted.

Aquaculture Bead Filters

Posted in Filters by Administrator on July 19, 2006.

Depending on the size of your pond or water garden and how much money you are looking to spend on a filter, biological bead filters made by Aquaculture Technologies, might just be the thing, but how do you choose which size is for you?

First of all, how many gallons is your pond? Classifying the pond size goes from 200 1500 gallons as small to medium, 1,500 2,000 gallons as medium to large, while 2,000 25,000 gallons is considered professional size.

Usually sensitive fish like Koi, are the ones who need such sized filters and in the United States it can be tough to find a manufacturer that does them with quality and low price.

Bubble Bead Filters made by Aquaculture Technologies are reliable and always being designed for the competitive pond owner.

Aquaculture Technologies sells all sizes of bead filters from 300 gallons (around 300 dollars) to 20,000 gallons (around 3,000 dollars), so you can choose the filter size to fit your needs.

The inlet, outlet and sludge pipe sizes vary according to gallons of pond water being filtered, from ¾ of an inch (300g) to 3 inch (20,000g) slip size.

The smallest aquaculture bead filter will pump a maximum of 600 gallons per hour while the largest will pump 9,000 gallons per hour.

Backwash water loss in the smallest version is only 2,5 gallons compared to 150 gallons in the largest version.

Aquaculture Technologies are industrialized Bubble Bead Filters designed and built with experienced research and development that can be depended upon to keep your koi or personal backyard pond in excellent shape, healthy and clear.

Company Information:
Aquaculture Systems Technologies
108 Industrial Ave.
New Orleans, LA 70121
Local: 504.837.5575
Toll Free: 800.939.3659

Firestone Pond Liners

Posted in Pond Liners by Administrator on June 13, 2006.

Firestone pond liners are EPDM geomembranes made from Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomers, a single ply rubber roofing membrane which is also ideal as water garden liners.

What makes Firestone EPDM pond liners so strong?

  • Liner Flexibility: Firestone liners remain highly flexible even at very low temperatures (down to –45 °C).
  • Liner Elongation: Firestone liners can stretch over 300% and conform to ground contour.
  • Liner Weathering Resistance: Firestone liners are resistant to ultraviolet radiation and ozone.

Firestone Liners are also:

  1. Easy to Maintain – Environmental exposure rated at well over 30 years.
  2. Environmentally Friendly – The EPDM Geomembrane is an inert material with low environmental impact during production and use.

The Firestone EPDM Geomembrane Product Line

Firestone: The 1.02 mm thick Firestone EPDM Geomembrane is specifically designed for decorative pond applications. It is commercialized under the trade name Firestone Pond Liner. Because of its specific formulation and production process, only the Firestone Pond Liner membrane is guaranteed to be compatible with aquatic life in accordance with testing reports published by the Water Research Centre in the UK.

Liner Installation Instructions (requires free adobe reader plugin)
Firestone Pond Liner Video

Water Gardens

Posted in Articles by Administrator on December 22, 2005.

What is a Water Garden?

The concept of a garden based around an artificial pond of water is as ancient as the first dreams of paradise on earth. Gardening in and of itself is the art of growing plants and the crafting of a beautiful environment, inspired by nature. The cultivation of aquatic life and vegetation in an imaginative and artistic way is the passion that drives the water garden enthusiast to sculpt dead landscapes and old tubs into thriving works of living art.

Aaron is building a backyard water garden, he will also be documenting his steps and writing about them so you can easily follow his lead in building your own enchanted water garden.

    1. Water Garden Plan
    2. Water Garden Features
    3. (More to come..)

The use of water in the garden can be seen in early tomb paintings from around 3000 BC in Egypt, with rectangular fishponds surrounded by luscious fruit trees on either side. The Romans, Persians, Muslims, Indians, Chinese, Koreans and Japanese are but a few cultures that have used water gardens in historical grandeur. In the west during medieval times, to Renaissance, Baroque, Romanesque until today, the water garden has flourished as the foundation for the dream of paradise on earth.

Not just “around” a pond of water, but “of” a pond of water, that’s what makes the water garden so aesthetically pleasing to the human eye. When thinking about building a water garden the first most important question to ask is: Why am I building this? This may seem odd, but the answer to this question will determine everything about the water garden. The purpose or intention behind the garden; is what determines choice of size, location, plants, fish and/or other aquatic forms of life, and architecture.

Size is always an issue with water gardens, as they never seem to be big enough. The reason for this is that when dealing within the confines of a given aquatic area (the tub or pond), no real expansion can occur without remodeling the original project, and like most garden enthusiasts; those dealing in aquatics get so happy about their first results, that they just want to keep putting more and more elements into this work of living art.


Fall Water Gardens

Posted in Articles by Administrator on October 12, 2005.

Fall Water Gardens – Preparation and Reflection

For those who have water gardens or would like to build and care for a backyard pond Fall is a time to reflect. Autumn is also a great time for cleanup, preparation and new construction.

Fall Water GardensCleaning up your water garden in preparation for Fall can be an enjoyable, creative task. What I do is remove all the rocks and plants then net and move my fish to a temporary holding tank. After the removal of rocks and plants only water and sediment remains to be sucked up with a pond vacuum. This is also a good time to carefully inspect the liner for tears. It is important to clean your water garden before the water temperature drops below 65 degrees if you have fish. If you are moving your fish to a temporary holding tank also make sure you use water from the water garden to avoid stressing your little friends.

Aquatic plants can be pruned, divided and dropped down to the deepest part of the pond where they will stay until springtime. If your plants are “tropical” remove them completely, they will not survive winter and can increase the nitrogen levels in your pond. Also make sure aquatic plants are deep enough to avoid being frozen solid so if your pond is shallow, consider purchasing a pond heater.

Preparation for Fall is pretty simple, if you live in an area with trees a pond skimmer is often not enough to remove all the leafs that drop into the water. Leaf debris will also quickly fill most pond skimmers and require daily cleanup. Leaf matter breaks down and increases the nitrogen level in your pond which can be hazardous to fish (especially during this time when the outside air temperature is dropping and cooling the water). To stop all leaf and other debris from falling into your water garden stretch netting over it. The best netting for this is the same black plastic netting that you protect garden plants from birds with. If you put a tent pole in the middle of the water garden and stake the netting down on all edges of the pond, leaf and other debris will not collect in the middle of the net and will just slide down the sides to be raked up.

Water gardening is a very personal hobby so if you are the type who likes to “do it yourself” this can be a time of inspiration, creativity and reflection. The cooler days of autumn are a great time for new construction. As with most, we often start out with a simple water garden but quickly dream of a larger pondscape with a waterfall, biofilter, UV sterilization light and new landscaping around it. Autumn is the time to break new ground on ideas you have had that you would like to see implemented before spring. When warm weather returns, your water garden environment will wake up and reward you for your loyal and gentle care.

Water Garden Pictures

Posted in Articles by Administrator on September 22, 2005.

Below are some great water garden pictures taken by folks and shared thru Flickr. The pictures will not always be of water gardens because you could take an image of a moose and name it “water garden” and it would still show up in the category for “water gardens”. Anyhow, there are often some fun pictures of water gardens that can inspire and motivate, enjoy!

More Flickr photos

Water Garden Features

Posted in Articles by Administrator on September 15, 2005.

Water Garden Features – Step #2

To start to think about water garden features you must first have an idea of what type of water garden you would like to create.

There are basically three main types of water garden design features:

1. Raised Ponds – The raised pond is a good looking easy to build water garden that can be put together in little time. It does require basic masonry skills to set a footing and stack and secure the concrete blocks or bricks.
2. Sunken Ponds – The sunken pond requires digging large amounts of dirt and either inserting a flexible liner, preformed liner or pouring concrete into its space. You then can add nice patio stone around to compliment its round contours or make it square like an ancient roman bath.
3. Bogs – The bog is a disorganized, irregular shaped cutout in the ground that can be shallow or deep. A bog is built by simply digging out some ground and laying a flexible liner into it held down by sand, plants and rocks. If you enjoy frogs, dragonflies and other wildlife this water garden style is for you. A bog can also be natural without a liner and very little water, used to manage and filter rainwater runoff which is an important environmental feature.

You will also want to consider other additional water garden features to make it special. A water garden without the sound of water to me is not a water garden at all and most people would agree.

There are three popular water garden features that bring sound with them:

1. Cascade – A cascade feature is a series of waterfalls that run down over rocks into small pools before trickling into a main pond. This cascading water adds a gentle sound to the surrounding environment.
2. Waterfall – A waterfall feature is like a cliff with an undercut in its lip, the water rolls out to the end, and then drops off falling into the water garden pond below. A waterfall adds louder water flow sounds that can be softened by adding rocks where it lands.
3. Fountain – A water fountain throws water into the air from a pump and tube below the surface of the water or embedded in a statue usually in the center of a pond.

There are all kinds of other water garden features like bridges, stepping stones, seeping water masks, and anything the creative water garden designer can think of. A great way to bring it all together into you mind is to think about a theme and what features will complete your vision. I have a pile of old wooden whiskey kegs out back and I am in love with the ocean so my first idea was to bring the ocean to the city. I thought of decking like on a dock and a pile of whiskey barrels with pump and filter in them to transfer water below. There would be beach sand and grasses blowing in the wind, these features just all fit into place in my mind but you will have entirely different ideas.

If you are lacking ideas, like I was about what features and theme to do, go to the bookstore and look at a few books on water gardens. In them you will find all kinds of great pictures and examples that will help in this new creative endeavor. Need to put a fence in behind the pond or want to build a concrete retaining wall behind your planned waterfall? There are books and magazines that cover all of this as well. Settling on water garden features is an enjoyable task and will give your plan a more solid footing.

Water Garden Plan

Posted in Articles by Administrator on September 14, 2005.

Water Garden Plan – Step #1

A water garden plan and its final construction, always come from ideas that “only you”, can think of. To begin planning your water garden you need to go to the area where it will be and stand with a clipboard, paper and pencil in hand. Water garden plans should also not be rushed, so if it takes you a few days, or even weeks this is fine, inspiration does not often come quickly, so take your time. I spent over two months thinking, sketching out plans and reading books on the subject.

The idea of making a water garden had been in my head for years. I naturally feel most at home on or near the water and as with most people (who do not have the luxury of living by the sea) the idea of having a water garden is a very attractive one.

Did I mention that you will need a tape measure to properly plan your water garden? No? Sorry, go get one! The basic steps to complete a water garden plan are simple, you can do it all in your head but I find that writing stuff down is better because you can bring it all inside and refer back to it over a few days while your plan grows into a solid idea. Before planning my water garden I also removed all the landscaping that was interfering with my thoughts so if you are one who likes to “paint on a clean canvas” you might want to consider this first.

Let’s begin, stand back and take a deep breath while thinking of what kind of water garden you have been dreaming of. Do you want to dig a deep Koi pond, line it with concrete block and cover it with a flexible liner, or do you simply want to install a small water garden kit that comes with its own plastic tub? Would you like a grand waterfall spilling into a deep pool, or does your kit have a pump and spout that throws water into the air? A Koi pond with a waterfall would surely be a larger scale water garden construction. Is it something you feel you can do yourself, or should you take your finished plan to an expert?

The reason I ask the questions above is to get you thinking. If you are ready, sketch down an idea or two of what kind of water garden you will construct, measure the area, and write all this information down; good for you! If you feel a little overwhelmed, go back inside your home, take your thoughts to bed, and in the morning you will find all kinds of fresh new ideas wanting to be a part of this exciting new project.

Ready to take your next step?

Japanese Water Garden

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 12, 2005.

What is a Japanese Water Garden?

The Japanese Water Garden can be divided in three main time periods. In the Heian period (785-1184), the book Sakuteiki was written as a guide to future Japanese Buddhist water gardeners, describing the ideal paradise on earth. After the Heian period, the simplicity of Zen teachings, to represent nature instead of imitating nature became Japanese garden tendency and slowly cut away large uses of water. But with the revolutionary tea master Sen Rikkyu (1552-1591) the Japanese gardens reintroduced water for the Chado tea ceremony.

japanese water gardenThe Heian period marks the evolution of water gardens for not only the Japanese but also the world. No other culture, not even the Chinese or Romans had come to such systematic and ordinated rules and methods for water gardening than the aristocrats of this time in Japanese history. The writing of the Sakuteiki simply left a historical record of what the Japanese already knew and had been practicing for centuries. How, water should flow, in what direction, how rocks should be placed, where and why. These factors are still known and taken into account today, as the principles of paradise on earth.

With the demise of the Heian period, Japan fell into a cold, Zen criticism of the world, and this reflected in Japanese Gardening, as the usage of small rock gardens could potentially represent entire mountain ranges. The use of sand in place of water, and rocks instead of trees, or flowers in place of forests, became ways of simplifying meditation and interpretation.

However, with the birth of Chado, the Japanese tea ceremony, San Rikkyu transformed the garden into a path known as “roji” that would help remind the invited guest of the tea ceremony and of what the secret Buddhist teachings and principles behind tea really were, those of “wabi” or a humble state of mind and “sabi” the humble state of being (used in the layout of the garden). By using the tea ceremony as a way to cultivate spirituality both the similitude of Zen gardens and the paradise nature of Sakuteiki, these Japanese water gardens are the most important to Japanese culture. It is said that once upon building a tea house on the ocean front for a samurai lord, Rikkyu cut out the view of the ocean completely; the lord was most displeased, till he reached down to the water basin to wash his face, in which moment his eyes were filled with the image of the ocean and he understood his own connection with the ocean in that moment while purifying his body.

Later, other Japanese gardeners, produced imitations and remakes of legendary gardens from each of these styles, in no way really developing anything particularly revolutionary. The main tendencies in a Japanese water garden today will include certain distinct features that can only be found within these styles. The point, however, to any Japanese water garden is simplicity, clarity of mind and body, and enlightenment.

To achieve enlightenment, some things have been included in modern day Japanese water gardens. Yastu-hatchi eight fold narrow wooden bridges, remind the travelers of the roji, that the path and how we walk it, is far more important than the goal to be reached. Stones, sand and pedestal lanterns thrive as focal points that add the proper perspective whether it be mystical tradition, slow contemplation, or the passage of time. Moss is used in reference to enlightenment and can be found in metaphorical ways to describe poetic notions used in the traditional Japanese water garden.

Water Garden Waterfall

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 12, 2005.

What is a Water Garden Waterfall?

A water garden waterfall can be the focus point in most water gardens is the continuous flow of running water. The sound of soothing and peaceful falling water brings visions of long lost worlds such as Shangri-la to the mind’s eye. Utopian communities reminiscent of Kropotkin’s “The Conquest of Bread”, with a windmill at the crest of an enchanting waterfall, that gives flourishing life to a mountain village water garden. Even just small chalices with but a few pebbles, moss and bamboo table top water garden waterfalls around its exterior, can calm the enraged urban spirit; stressed and distraught at the incessant onslaught of menacing towers of glass that scrape the very heavens in the same defiance as that of cruel and decadent Babylonian rulers. The cascading structure of any water garden waterfall will be more than just a focus point for human imagination; it will be the flowing veins of the water garden. The pool is the body, with its delicate balance and ecosystem of life. The pump is the heart of the water garden, providing energy to circulate and oxygenate its water, through the constant feed of the waterfall.

The cascading structure of the water garden’s waterfall is usually done in accordance to the needs of the average water gardener. If height is to be achieved, then the waterfall usually needs a very high down-slope above the pool surface. This can be achieved in a number of ways; from building an artificial earthberm in the middle of the front yard with excellent recycled liner, a cascading rock formation from the very roof of a one story house completely waterproofed with polyurethane plastic tarping, or as simple as some minute adobe aqueduct system the size of a fruit bowl that rolls around like some miniature Greek and Roman temple into a round goldfish aquarium bowl filled with anacharis and water lilies. Or even a multiple level cascading system, with waterwheels and Tolkien like elven palaces and hobbit homes at the creeks edges, with dwarven pine trees and bonsais. The actual idea for the waterfall itself needs to be something that really goes with the water garden as a whole, something thematic.

The pool is also very important to the water garden waterfall, as it is the whole basis for why and how the waterfall is built. For example, it would be best that when building a water garden, if the waterfall is to be the main attraction, then less precautions on the garden itself need to be achieved, and more attention given to the pump house and cascading structure, in which case the pool could be just a bucket painted the same color as the wall paintings with some gnomes around it. If however the waterfall is to be a sustainable meditative outdoor retreat concept based on platonic principles of ideal societies, then the pool will need more attention; in such a case the pool becomes an almost essential part of the concept and demands a fragile and subtle balance between organisms living in the water garden. Giving the pool the attention it deserves is vital to a successful water garden waterfall.

The pump is the water garden waterfall heart, as it gives life to the otherwise stale pool of shallow unmoving element. Water that moves in constant flow… is life. Water cannot travel uphill without energy, and a good pump will provide this energy depending on the desired height, size and rush of the garden’s falling water. Water that will fall; first must be up on high, only then can it fall into cascading beauty and tranquil sounds. This makes it necessary to calculate how high, and how fast the water is to fall. If a lot of water is to be pumped to the waterfalls mouth at incredible speeds, then a lot more energy is required than one which only falls about an inch or two from the rim of a crystal goblet with a bluish red Beta swimming in it.

The waterfall in any water garden, can be done big or small, for indoors or outdoors, strictly aesthetic or spiritually energized, as it can also be the expression of an artist’s inner self. All water garden waterfalls need a cascading structure, pool and pump. Those available on the market can make life easier for those ready to build now, while taking the time and patience to detail each and every aspect of the waterfall becomes an endeavor of self discovery for those who just plain like the hobby of doing it themselves. The water garden waterfall is an expression of life that calms the restless mind and inspires the meditative aspects of waking dream, through precious insight derived from the sound of falling water.

Water Garden Pump

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 11, 2005.

What is a Water Garden Pump?

Go solar: Read what people are saying about Solar water garden pumps!
A water garden pump that pushes waterfall or fountain water for oxygenation or just plain looks, needs to have constant water flow above the surface of the water. For this reason a properly chosen water garden pump needs to be chosen to send water above its surface. In the days of Pompeii, before 79 AD when a volcano froze this legendary roman city in time, plumbing was used in all parts of the cities life. Displacing water from one place to another requires momentum, and a pump does this in a practical way, through calculations such as head, pressure, flow and voltage, the proper kind of electrical pump can be chosen. Alternative water garden pumps could use diverse creative do it yourself sustainable projects such as solar or aeolic renewable energy sources, a half adapted siphon system using gravity or even as creative as a ram pump system with a rain barrel harvesting concept that uses collected rain water for waterfall energy production, ideas for sustainable water pumps are diverse.

The origin of the word pump is long lost in etymological history, but obviously the sound of the word Pompeii, translated into water pipe, or conduit in Latin. Modern Dutch inventors were thinking of this when they started using the word “pompe”. Historians know little, but the fact that energy efficiency is the key in any water pump has held true for more than 2,000 years, even before the first aqueduct started carrying water from the mountains into Rome. Moving water with gravity has been known since Archimedes’ Principle first stated; “the impulsion force is equal to the weight of volume of liquid displaced by the body.” In this case gravity was the energy moving water downhill… but a water garden needs it to move uphill, hence the use of pump.

Pumps take water from the water garden and push it uphill in the desired fashion, be that in the form of a majestic water fountain or meditative Japanese waterfall. Normally pushing water out of the aquatic environment is done in order to oxygenate it. This helps keep it in equilibrium with itself such as in the case of the submersed air pump at the bottom of a pond that just does the job of blowing bubbles up to the surface as in aquariums. Electrical pumps are chosen based on the head (height) of the desired point above the water’s surface level and flow pressure. Depending on the energy efficiency of the pump being used and the decision of whether it is to be an underwater pump or external pump will reflect in how much power it consumes (also known as voltage). Power consumption on a monthly $$ basis can really undermine a water gardeners hopes for having a cute water garden in the living room. But as buying an electrical water pump is the most common project solution for water gardens of all sizes, from aquarium pump to submersible pond pump, sustainable energy buffs refer back to renewable energy for capping that monthly $$ basis.

Electric solar water garden pumps work just like any grid driven pump, but usually have their very own photovoltaic or photosynthetic solar power panel rigged up in a discrete place on the side of a statue ornament or something even more creative. Aeolic pumps can be driven in the same manner, but usually work directly on a mechanical energy basis, too much energy dispersion seems to go on when dealing with magnets and electrical fields. Ram pumps use a constant flow of water from somewhere to do a similar job as this, and instead of using wind or solar energy, would use rain water reserve from a cistern, perhaps from the roof of the gardeners, house… In very large water gardens, a sustainable pump system might actually integrate all three systems, who knows?

Water garden pumps are used to both oxygenate with flowing air as well as flowing water and create beautiful effects in the garden such as bubbles (air pumps), waterfalls (water pumps) and fountains (water pumps). If the waterfall is very tall and uses a lot of water, then the pump must be stronger, the same goes for the water fountain if it is to have lots of pressure, they can be located subtly underwater, or hidden away in a pump house externally, size will determine this factor mostly. Water garden pumps are essentially mechanical, making them source quite diverse, from household and city grid energy, solar, aeolic, cistern harvesting, to plain old gravity.

Outdoor Water Fountain

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 11, 2005.

What is an Outdoor Water Fountain?

The gardens aesthetic appeal can be enhanced with a stand alone outdoor water fountain. The form of the water fountain is as infinite as the human imagination, from a central overriding obelisk like stone, to a delicate fairy statue of tinker-bell beauty. Usually an object of centerpiece status, the water fountain is used in the garden with a variety of different aims. To direct attention through sound, vision, and even feel, depending on where and how it is placed. Throughout history, the water fountain has been used in connection with spiritual enlightenment and states of meditation, as well as expressions of artistic intent.

outdoor water gardenAmongst the floating lilies and enchanting pond creatures, that can be found in the water garden, there is also, the fountain. The fountain in a water garden is an aesthetically pleasing addition, to the already fantastic realm of imagination that these expressions of art produce. Water garden fountains, not only enhance beauty, as they also delve in both the relaxing sounds of rushing water as well as serve to aerate and cleanse the water. By shooting the water straight up into the air at high velocities, pond water in the garden will be filled with oxygen, and upon return to the surface of the pool, cleaner. If pumped water from the bottom of a pool, even better. As oxygenation helps aerobic bacteria flourish, the amount of algae and weeds in a pond can be kept under control.

The art of moving water in its essence is a subject that has mystified western thought for the last 3,000 years, since the Greeks began to debate the elements in nature. From the womb we find ourselves surrounded by the sounds of water, and all throughout our childhood, the daily bath is a relaxing time dedicated just to us. During the Renaissance, when gardens in the forms of Labyrinths began to enchant the minds of Europe, water fountains could be found in the most diverse styles, reminiscent of the Golden Age. Be they found in the center of the Minotaur Labyrinth or at the very heart of a monastery courtyard, the running sound of water, seems to relax the onlooker.

Water fountains can find their way into the home as well. As a decorative addition to the window garden, or merely a wall piece of modern art, the sound and sight of running water are subtle and delightful. The cool touch of water against the fingertips, reminds us that a garden need not be merely a place of earthen dominance. Water, in combination with the chosen work of art, to be its fountain piece, express something different to the garden experience, something that is subjective and personal.

The shape and size of garden water fountains, is so varied and creative, that the choice of any given fountain is as wide as the architects imagination. In water gardens, the fountain plays not only its traditional role as a centerpiece, but also that of an aerator if desired. While in some traditions, the outdoor water fountain is a source of spiritual enlightenment, in others it has no such concept, but yet still achieves the delighting role of relaxing the garden onlooker.

Water Garden Design

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 10, 2005.

What is Water Garden Design?

Water garden design can be an expression of thought or emotion, it can be a fulfilling mental endeavor or hobby for those long country summers, when the heart comes back into balance with nature. A water garden can even be a sublime spiritual retreat in the harsh winter rain of an urban apartment; the key is passionate design. The ancient and brilliant art of design is a mental picture that flows renewed through the human soul inspiring creativity, peace, harmony and love. Planning and delving in the aquatic dream of real life water gardens, is a vicarious experience that encompasses the very reaches of the inner being’s limitations. When first setting eyes, hands, or feet, on or within a water garden for the first time, the intense pathos of experience will entwine itself unto the layers of conscious imagination, breaking down walls, breaking down pain and anguish, transporting the body through time and space into the realm of chosen design.

Imagination is key to a power lurking deep inside every sentient mind. Water garden design must reflect the given sequence of images trapped inside the tempest of human imagination in order to harness this power. Designers, must propel their imaginations into the abstract world of dreams and return as travelers with tales from far away lands, and transport these tales into the enchanting wonder of their water garden. The kingdom of fantasy is as infinite as the child’s imagination; no designer can ever forget that. If so caught up in the hustle and bustle of today’s ration and reason, then that will be the outcome of the water garden. For the secret to catharsis is creating the illusion of ones own experience, being that of the artist’s.

Designing a garden based on such a sacred element as water requires not only the developed enchantment of imagination’s manuscript; but also the patient wisdom of careful and delicate awareness. Making an experience come to life means being practical and pragmatic, for what use are dreams unless they have an application in the material world. Water garden design appeals to well structured plans that are fearless of a decent perspective and a coherent logic. Building ordinate systems of the “ideal” into smaller more attainable goals is what seizes a dream from the god Oneiros of nocturnal slumber and hurls it head first into the possessive concept of material substance. Without steps, the portal to paradise is but an artificial intangible fiction, reminiscent of Baudelaire.

Designing a water garden is at its most opulent moment, when catharsis is finally the utmost expectation of every appreciation conceivable. Being swept away on the wings of experience depends on the conceptualization, layout, aquascape design, preponderance of strategic planning, awareness and feel. If looking at a bowl of rocks with moss and bamboo water fall does something extraordinary to human ration; then the sound, smell, taste and touch of that same ambiance will determine the attainable depths of vicarious perception; that is, the very depth of cathartic experience.

Water garden design needs dynamic imagination, good planning and be humbly built to achieve a cathartic experience. Whether it is Dedalus projecting the inner water fall for the Minotaur’s garden labyrinth, the god/mage Toth designing the first Egyptian oasis, or the Buddhist priest Takuan giving counsel to Shogun Tokugawa on the underlining spiritual values of having running water gardens in Osaka Castle’s meditation room. Design brings idea into form, life to dreams, and true meaning to the water garden.

Water Garden Container

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 9, 2005.

What is a water garden container?

A water gardening container is almost anything that holds water and is non-toxic. The idea is not only aesthetics, but practicality. The water garden container needs to be of suitable size and shape for the gardeners needs. The outer appearance of the container is also important; however it still needs to be impermeable as well. The ecology of the water garden is also essential, as it is a very delicate and sensitive environment that gets even more so the smaller the container.

water garden in containerContainer water gardening can be done with just about anything that holds water. From as large as an old portable swimming pool to a pudding vase; size is as limited as the human imagination and available resources will permit. But shape and size are what determine the initial ecology of the water garden, as it will influence what kind of plants, ornaments, rocks, soil, fish, pumps and filters can or need to be used. If the container is deeper, then deeper water plants like anacharis and lilies can be used, but if not, then perhaps only as much as moss growing on some rocks and a bog plant or two can be used. Bigger is not necessarily better, but certainly can open the variety of ecological choice. When in doubt, bog plants can usually be the most survival ready choices, for smaller containers.

When thinking of the aesthetic nature of the water garden container, material is just as important as shape and size is. Concrete, wood, ceramic, plastic, glass, tub, barrel, pot, bowl, pitcher, mug, cup, vase… etc. any of these materials are fine, but some may need liners, such as in the case of the bamboo basket, woven by hand for example. Liners, as well as containers, must be non-toxic, which means no reused plastic car oil bottles. Polyurethane black plastic can be found sold by the square foot at local department stores, and can take up to 200 years to biodegrade in a landfill, so usually work great. But plastic materials will absorb toxins into them, so no reusing any plastics that have been contaminated, by unfriendly toxic agents that could potentially destroy the careful balance involved in a smaller water garden ecosystem.

Harmony and balance are the keys to water garden containers. If well planned with detailed calculation, and sublime efficiency, almost any water garden concept can become reality. But ecological balance is an art, and for smaller more complex water gardens, the containers, size, shape, and appearance make the foundation for crafting the ideal project. Aquatic gardens are thriving miniature worlds of microorganisms, plants and sometimes even fish. The exchange for oxygen, carbon dioxide, waste and food gets ever more complicated, the smaller and smaller the container, and artificial filtering, oxygenation, carbon dioxide injection, all become more and more essential for the relative survival and growth in such water gardens.

“Size and shape”, “aesthetics and appearance”, “harmony and balance” are the concepts to keep in mind when choosing the water garden container. Size and shape will determine the water garden containers initial limitations. Aesthetics and appearance will give form to strategic design planning and focus choices around the water gardens intentions. Harmony and balance will suggest what kind of ecosystems can and cannot be used, making last choices even easier. In this way choosing the proper container for the water garden, becomes a quick and fulfilling personal experience that either expresses internal emotions or hones the intellect; both though the direct contact with nature itself.

Water Garden Filter

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 9, 2005.

What is a Water Garden Filter?

A water garden filter is used to help keep the garden in a kind of balance. Depending on the kind of water gardening being done, the desired effect to be achieved and personal preference, choosing the right water filter can be challenging. Filtering is mainly necessary due to the dangerously high amounts of ammonia that can be produced by bioorganic wastes, such as fish discharges and plant decomposition. Mechanical, chemical and biological filtering systems are the most common ways of keeping the environment in balance. Be it a fish garden, plant garden, or both, the kind of filtering system chosen will directly influence the amount of resources, and time spent on maintenance.

Filter comes from the Modern Latin word “filtrum” first used in 1400 meaning “felt”, a matted animal fiber, used in straining impurities out of liquids. However unlikely the water gardener may be to use felt as a filter in a freshwater aquarium or pond, the general concept still remains the same. Because depending on the kind of garden being planned, the system of filtration will be an important issue. Low impact energy conservationists always tend to get uneasy at the idea of disposable filtration systems, but sometimes, if the garden is so small that it fits into a fruit bowl, then disposable carbon filters are most likely the kind being used. The bigger the system, the easier alternative methods to filtering with chemicals can become.

Water filtering is used not only to keep water clear, but also to keep it healthy and balanced. Certain beneficial microorganisms that flourish in water keep waste levels to a minimum, and process ammonia into nutrients that plants can eat. In the wild, these bacteria naturally eat anything that starts to decompose. This kind of filtering system is usually referred to as biofiltration and can be cultivated externally or internally through a biofilter. Ceramic, rock like reef materials usually work best, but anything that microorganisms can latch onto work fine, and within this area, they flourish in order to process aquatic biodegradables, into helpful nutrients for the plant life.

Aside from the representation of natural breakdown processes, filtration systems also use mechanical methods such as sponge like foam; filter floss, sand, gravel and micron filters. Mechanical filtering materials use a coral reef like effect to capture wastes and larger biological debris that could harm the internal workings of any given filtering system. They usually need to be cleaned once a day or so, or more, depending on the volume of organic breakdown material in the water.

But chemical filters are the most commonly used in aquariums, as they work on a molecular reaction level, breaking down wastes faster by offering activated carbon materials to smaller organic particles that need them for processing. Chemical filters, can help suck up chlorine, bad odor, bad taste, and organic materials that need to be quickly broken down. The most challenging thing about chemical filters however is the price and replacement. Chemical filters are disposable and shouldn’t be washed; otherwise they can actually work against the harmonization of the water ecology. Activated carbon filters are also very expensive and can have diverse uses depending on the quality and material. Thus it’s good to do some research before deciding exactly which kind of chemical filter to buy, be it coconut shell vegetable base carbon, liginite carbon, charcoal, bituminous carbon, or any mixtures of these with wood, bone or any such filtering carbon based materials.

The kind of water garden being used; weather it be fish, reef, plant, tropical, hardy, bog, or any mixture of these may also enjoy CO2 injection along with the filtering and oxygenation system, which all require a pumping process. These factors add to the energy consumption of a water garden, and must be calculated in the prior stages of architecture. Filtering is a way of achieving balance in the artificial aquatic environment and should be looked at in this way in order to fully understand it. A water garden filter will need maintenance and consume energy. The more low tech the system, the more manual labor, the higher tech the system, the more money, but still a lot of manual labor. But everybody who likes playing in their water garden looks forward to this part, so it would almost be unfortunate if filtering wasn’t necessary. Taking care of a water filter is what brings the spark to the enchanting realm of water gardening itself.

Water Garden Plant

Posted in Articles, Water Garden Plants by Administrator on August 8, 2005.

What is a Water Garden Plant?

Any aquatic plant that can be used in a water garden (note; usually fresh water) is a water garden plant, as well as any plant that may go around the water garden. Water plants need nutrients, sunlight and carbon dioxide (CO2) to survive and flourish. Aquaculture (or the culture of fish) can be used to give water garden plants the nutrients they need, such as ammonium (NH4+) and nitrate (NO3-). There are just four main categories of water plants to be aware of, floaters, underwater, underwater-floaters and bog plants.

water garden plantsWater plants, like any other plant, need nutrients to grow, from the time they are seedlings, to the full adult. Whether the plants receive nutrients indirectly from clayey underwater soil, directly from the water itself or both, they use carbon dioxide and photosynthesis to create energy for development and in turn give off oxygen, as a byproduct. Sunlight in day hours will indeed allow plants to give off oxygen, but in the night hours, they actually consume oxygen. Not all aquatic fresh water plants need lots of sunlight, in fact many rooted underwater plants, are well adapted to anaerobic shady environments and can do well in the deeper regions of ponds and lakes.

Nutrient rich soil and water can be obtained by providing fertilization tablets or drops, that are store bought, but in nature this resource is best obtained from fish waste, as well as CO2. For the fish, this can be very beneficial, as the natural role of most underwater plants is to oxygenate the water, which fish inhale, and consume the carbon dioxide, which fish exhale. Many aquatic plants also serve well the purpose of food for fish, such as When thinking sustainable, it can be difficult if not near impossible, to provide the ideal balance in smaller environments, such as a tub container or even a bowl or aquarium.

In recent years the trend for hydroponic cultivation using a sustainable plant as food for the fish, and the over balance in fish waste as nutrient rich grow medium for the hydroponic plants, has been called aquaponics, as the two systems blend into one word. This kind of water gardening is far closer to the traditional sense of raising food in the garden, however, and less directed to aesthetics. Beauty however, is in the mind’s eye of the gardener, and aquaponic plants are still a part of the water garden, as they cleanse the water, in more sustainable fashion, making changing the water, less necessary, if not virtually unnecessary.

Freshwater, water plants can be divided into four main categories. Those adapted to bogs, floaters, underwater plants, and underwater-floaters. The main difference between each kind of plant is, grow and light medium. For example, both tropical and hardy water lilies, like to grow in a loamy (clayey) soil, in shallow water, so they can float their flower lilies at the surface of the water; these are underwater-floaters, as they do both. Butterfly ferns, a hardy floater that makes a great fish treat, don’t require soil medium and take their nutrients directly from the water, while floating on the surface of the water. Anacharis is the most common kind of store sold underwater plant, and likes deeper regions, loamy soils, and loves to produce oxygen. Bog plants on the other hand, desperately need sunlight, they usually grow around the pond in the loamiest of soils, or in the shallowest regions and they can take the form of shrubs, flowers and even semi-trees.

The water garden plant is a broad area that revolves around the enchanting garden of water. It can be directly a water plant, a bog plant, a vertical aquaponic head of lettuce, even some moss growing on the rocks around a waterfall. If it’s a plant, and it’s in the water garden, then it falls into that category. But mostly they are freshwater plants, and maintain the same concepts of growth and development as all plants do. Water garden plants need nutrients, carbon dioxide and light to survive and live healthy lives.

Water Garden Pond

Posted in Articles by Administrator on August 6, 2005.

What is a Water Garden Pond?

A water garden pond is one of the most common bases for building a water garden in any relatively larger scale, than a tub. Building a water garden in a pond is an excellent way to give a “closer to the wild in nature” aesthetic look to a garden, while keeping it tame. The water garden pond is home for diverse aquatic elements that co-exist in a give and take habitat. Usually this co-existence is a calculated exchange between plant life, which oxygenates the pond water and more highly developed organisms such as goldfish or koi, that give off carbon dioxide. Of course, in today’s world, some simple precautions such as proper depth and size, liners, pumps and filters should be taken in to account to make sure that the pond is suitable for a water garden.

water garden pond picture
The water garden pond is a place of exalting aquatic life. Floating plants (both tropical and hardy), oxygenating plants, underwater plants (both tropical and hardy), shallow water plants (both tropical and hardy), Lilies, Bog plants and Lotus are all just some of the diverse types of plants that can be found in a garden pond. Besides plants, water gardens, can contain; fish, frogs, snails, crickets, ducks, swans, turtles, dragonflies, newts, tadpoles, shrew… etc. Basically any kind of pond animal will be attracted to the environment, if large enough and stable.

But what makes the water garden pond different from a pond in nature is not only the aesthetic aspect, but also, the natural sustainable exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide that occurs between plants and animals. Not all ponds will be big enough to sustain this kind of concept, nor do they have to for that matter (with the invent of modern technology), but this aspect is unique with garden ponds, as it is a calculated ratio. Fish need oxygen to survive, thus giving off CO2 and the opposite is true for the majority of plants used in water garden architecture. Many different kinds of floaters offer food for the fish, which in turn leave the water rich in biological material, hence the need for filters, of some kind. Which is why many aquaponic gardeners like to use this system for cleaning the pond water? Otherwise, either a biological or mechanical filter is necessary.

The pond is a fascinating part of our ecosystem, and a wonderful school project. The very biology of the garden pond is enough to spend hours of class time just putting in hard work to get it built. But building a garden pond is not as easy as just digging a hole in the ground, planting seeds and dumping a whole weeks worth of rain water into it. A good garden pond is conceptualized in mind’s eye of the architect, planned thoroughly, excavated more than expected (since once built, that’s it, no more plants get in, remember to over excavate), given different shelves and depths for different kinds of plant and wildlife, lined with protection against ground elements and visa-versa, properly filled with chlorine free water or de-chlorinated and finally given a little tender loving maintenance and care every now and again.

The water garden pond is a wonderfully natural way to do water gardening, both being pleasing to the human eye, as well as keeping that good faith to nature look and feel that a homey garden needs. Aquatic life actually does all the gardening by itself, and become living form of art. This is done by calculating the beneficial exchanges of biological needs that occur naturally in nature. Building a water garden pond is easy and fun, and can be a great project for class or family.

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